Acta Scientific PAEDIATRICS (ISSN: 2581-883X)

Editorial Volume 5 Issue 9

Inborn Errors of Metabolism- Role of Tandem Mass Spectrometry in Newborn Screening

MP Narayanan*

Senior Resident, Department of Biochemistry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India

*Corresponding Author: MP Narayanan, Senior Resident, Department of Biochemistry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India.

Received: August 02, 2022; Published: August 04, 2022

Abstract

Inborn errors of metabolism (IEM) are genetic defects involving disorders of enzyme activities in which the toxic substances accumulates and causes neurologic manifestations. This may lead to death or permanent disability of the child. Newborn screening (NBS) is the detection and early intervention is pre-symptomatic newborns with inborn errors of metabolism to prevent adverse outcomes of the disorder. NBS is done by analysis of biomarkers in blood by a spectrum of analytical methods. The introduction of tandem mass spectrometry for newborn screening is a technological breakthrough which is used across the globe nowadays. The power of NBS is enormously enhanced by tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) by the ability to analyze several metabolites simultaneously in the same dried blood spot (DBS) with increased sensitivity and specificity. NBS programs tend to focus on three groups of metabolites: amino acids fatty acid oxidation intermediates and short chain organic acids.

References

  1. Ma Shujun., et al. “Expanded newborn screening for inborn errors of metabolism by tandem mass spectrometry in newborns from Xinxiang city in China”. Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis5 (2020): e23159.
  2. De Hora., et al. “Implementing steroid profiling by liquid chromatography‐tandem mass spectrometry improves newborn screening for congenital adrenal hyperplasia in New Zealand”. Clinical Endocrinology6 (2021): 904-912.
  3. Yang N., et al. “Inborn errors of metabolism detectable by tandem mass spectrometry in Beijing”. Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism 5 (2020): 639-645.
  4. Vaidyanathan Kannan and Sandhya Gopalakrishnan. "Role of Tandem Mass Spectrometry in Diagnosis and Management of Inborn Errors of Metabolism”. Advanced Studies in Experimental and Clinical Medicine. Apple Academic Press (2021): 135-155.

Citation

Citation: MP Narayanan. “Inborn Errors of Metabolism- Role of Tandem Mass Spectrometry in Newborn Screening". Acta Scientific Paediatrics 5.9 (2022): 00-00.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 MP Narayanan. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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