Suicide Ideation and Behavior Among Adolescents Admitted in Governor Celestino
Gallares Memorial Hospital in the Midst of the Covid-19 Pandemic
Kahra Christy E Jumawan, Anabella S*, Maribeth M Jimenez and Joy A Bueno
Department of Pediatric Medicine, Government Celestino Gallares Memorial Hospital, Philippines
*Corresponding Author:Anabella S, Department of Pediatric Medicine, Government Celestino Gallares Memorial Hospital, Philippines.
March 24, 2022; Published: June 13, 2022
Objective: To determine the incidence and risk of suicide ideation and behavior of adolescents admitted in Governor Celestino Gallares Memorial Hospital (GCGMH) in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Design: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study.
Participants: This study involved adolescents 10 to 17 years and 364 days who were admitted at the pediatric and surgical wards of GCGMH from November 11, 2020 to November 10, 2021 excluding those discharged against medical advice or per request, and those diagnosed with neurodevelopmental disorders. Total population enumeration was utilized.
Methodology: A one-on-one guided interview using the Columbia-Suicide Severity Scale (C-SSRS) screener version was conducted in a vacant room without the parents around after an informed consent from the parents and an informed assent from the adolescent were obtained. The interview was conducted on the day of patient’s discharge. The data that were gathered were duly recorded and tabulated.
Conclusion: Suicidal ideation is seen in 20% of hospitalized adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic. A vast majority of adolescents with suicidal ideation is females. Adolescents at high-risk for suicide are females aged 16 - 17 years.
Results: There were 7 out of 35 (20%) adolescents who wished to be dead. Suicidal thoughts were seen in 4 adolescents (57.1%) who wished to be dead. Of these 4 adolescents, 3 (75%) had thoughts of the method by which to commit suicide. Two of the 4 adolescents (50%) had suicidal intent without a specific plan and 2 adolescents had suicidal intent with a specific plan. All the 4 adolescents with suicidal intent had suicidal behavior (100%). Six of the 7 adolescents are girls 16 to 17 years old, and 1 was a 16-year-old boy. All the 4 adolescents with suicidal thoughts and behavior were girls. All these 4 adolescents were considered to have high suicide risk according to C-SSRS. All the other 31 adolescents were considered to have low suicide risk.
Keywords: Suicide Ideation; Adolescents; Covid-19
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