Srushti Gandhi1*, Rashid Merchant2 and Snehal Mallakmir2
1Department of Paediatrics, Nanavati Super Specialty Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2Department of Genetics, Nanavati Super Specialty Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
*Corresponding Author: Srushti Gandhi, Department of Paediatrics, Nanavati Super Specialty Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
Received: March 04, 2022; Published: April 28, 2022
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare clonal disease of the monocyte-macrophage system, comprising of uncontrolled proliferation of CD1a+/CD207+ dendritic cells (DCs). It has a wide range of symptomatology making early diagnosis and intervention extremely challenging. LCH may range from mild single system involvement with isolated skin or bone lesions to life-threatening multi-system involvement. Furthermore, when risk organs are involved, even with aggressive treatment, 10-year survival rates are only 50%, further emphasizing the need for maintaining a high index of suspicion and early intervention. We present the case of a 2-year-old girl who arrived at our clinic with a painless lump over the head following a trivial head injury, and on further evaluation was found to have histopathologically confirmed multisystemic LCH. Response to treatment has been favourable.
Keywords: Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis; CD1a+/CD207+; Monocyte-Macrophage System; Litterer Siwe Disease; Hand-Schüller-Christian Disease
Citation: Srushti Gandhi., et al. “A Case Report of a Child with Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis". Acta Scientific Gastrointestinal Disorders 5.5 (2022): 31-36.
Copyright: © 2022 Srushti Gandhi., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.