Food Security and Food Safety Challenges in Venezuela
Pediatrician, Specialist in Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, General Secretary of National Academy of Medicine-Venezuela
*Corresponding Author: Huníades Urbina-Medina, Pediatrician, Specialist in Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, General Secretary of National Academy of Medicine-Venezuela.
March 01, 2021; Published: February 28, 2022
Food security implies the provision of safe, nutritious food of good quantity and in good quality as well as access to it by all people. Venezuela is a Latin American country, located in the northern part of South America, facing the Caribbean Sea. Due to the increase of poverty level during the last 20 years, Venezuela has suffered one of the biggest exodus in human history, just behind the Syrian exodus during the civil war. According to the United Nations (UN), almost 6 million people have emigrated since President Maduro took over. Long before the economic sanctions by the USA and the pandemic the rapid and progressive decay of the Venezuelan Health System has made necessary the declaration of a Complex Humanitarian Emergency by International Organizations. The case of Venezuela is a unique case worldwide that deserves a thorough analysis. A nation rich in natural resources and an economic market, political and social crisis could provide evidence of the agro-industry sector. It is increasingly difficult for people within the country, or they simply have not had the capacity to meet their minimum food needs for a considerable period of time due to long cycles of poverty, the lack of assets and/or access to productive or financial resources.
Keywords: Venezuela; Food Crisis; Food Security; Food Safety; Food Shortage
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