Acta Scientific Paediatrics (ISSN: 2581-883X)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 11

Clinical Profile of Children with SARS-CoV-2 Infection from a Tertiary Centre in Western India During the First Wave of COVID-19 Pandemic

Sumant Patil1*, Gayatri Bhide2, Rajan Joshi3 and Pratibha Phasale4

1Consultant Paediatric Intensivist, Department of Paediatrics, Deenanath Mangeshkar Hospital and Research Centre, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2Consultant Paediatrician, Department of Paediatrics, Deenanath Mangeshkar Hospital and Research Centre, Pune, Maharashtra, India
3Consultant Paediatrician, Head of the Department of Paediatrics, Deenanath Mangeshkar Hospital and Research Centre, Pune, Maharashtra, India
4DNB Resident, Department of Paediatrics, Deenanath Mangeshkar Hospital and Research Centre, Pune, Maharashtra, India

*Corresponding Author: Sumant Patil, Consultant Paediatric Intensivist, Department of Paediatrics, Deenanath Mangeshkar Hospital and Research Centre, Pune, Maharashtra, India.

Received: September 24, 2021; Published: October 22, 2021

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Abstract

Background: Limited data have emerged describing the presentation and clinical characteristics of the paediatric patients with SARS CoV-2 infection. Majority of this data was from the initial part of the pandemic and mainly from China, some from Europe and USA, although none significant from the Indian sub-continent.

Aim : To describe clinical profile of paediatric SARS CoV-2 infection from a tertiary centre in western India covering the first active duration of COVID -19 pandemic.

Material and Methods: Retrospective observational cohort study over 6 months from 1st April 2020 to 30th September 2020.

Participants

  • Children aged 0 to <18 years, admitted in hospital with COVID-19 infection.
  • Positive for SARS-CoV-2 infection using RT-PCR or rapid antigen test from oropharyngeal and nasopharyngeal swabs.

Results: 148 children hospitalised with confirmed SARS CoV-2 infection were included with median age of 8.07 years (IQR 3.07 to 13.11 years) and sex ratio of 1.42 males per female. Of these 57(38.5%) were asymptomatic and 91(61.5%) were symptomatic. Fever was the commonest presenting feature in 65(43.9%), followed by cough 34(23%) and runny nose in 25(16.9%). Pediatric intensive care unit admission was needed in 9(6.1%) patients and there was one neonatal death.

Conclusion: This study confirms that the pattern of disease presentation is mild in pediatric population with a high number of asymptomatic patients and exceedingly rare mortality due to SARS-CoV-2 infection.

Keywords: COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; RT-PCR; Rapid Antigen Test; Clinical Profile in Children

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References

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Citation

Citation: Sumant Patil., et al. “ Clinical Profile of Children with SARS-CoV-2 Infection from a Tertiary Centre in Western India During the First Wave of COVID-19 Pandemic”. Acta Scientific Paediatrics 4.11 (2021): 47-53.




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