Acta Scientific Paediatrics (ISSN: 2581-883X)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 11

Evaluation of the Beginning of Oral Feeding in Premature Children with the POFRAS Instrument: Estudio Piloto-Popayán, Colombia

Isabel Muñoz Zambrano*, María Consuelo Cháves Peñaranda, Yolanda Cárdenas Camayo, Marcela Calderón López, Lisbeth Cuatin Fuelagan, Jhon Mejía Paredes, Daniela Molano Cruz, Sara Ortega Moreno, Danna Ortega Salazar and Dario Quilindo Guarín

Department of Speech Therapy, Universidad del Cauca, Colombia

*Corresponding Author: Isabel Muñoz Zambrano, Department of Speech Therapy, University of Cauca/Speech Therapy Program, Popayán, Department of Cauca, Colombia.

Received: March 30, 2021; Published: September 20, 2021

Abstract

Objective: To determine the initiation of oral feeding through the POFRAS Premature Preparation Assessment Instrument, for a pilot study.

Methodology: A cross-sectional descriptive quantitative study was carried out through the implementation of a pilot test, applied by previously trained speech therapists with experience in the subject. Thirty-two premature infants from the neonatology unit of the Hospital Universitario San José were evaluated with the POFRAS instrument, chosen by non-random sampling for convenience, applying inclusion and exclusion criteria. The information was analyzed through the SPSS statistical package.

Results: 8 of the 18 items (searching reflex, pause sucking, sucking reflex, pause sucking rhythm, maintenance of alertness, state of consciousness, suction force and tongue movement) evaluated by the POFRAS instrument. are significantly related to the initiation of oral feeding in preterm infants, when obtaining a result in Fisher's statistical test (p < 0.05).

Conclusion: A large part of the POFRAS instrument items are pertinent to determine in a timely manner the start of oral feeding. Neonates who obtain a score greater than 28 points are ready to start oral feeding.

Keywords: Neonate; Premature; Pilot Test; Oral Feeding

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Citation

Citation: Isabel Muñoz Zambrano., et al. “Evaluation of the Beginning of Oral Feeding in Premature Children with the POFRAS Instrument: Estudio Piloto-Popayán, Colombia”. Acta Scientific Paediatrics 4.11 (2021): 35-45.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2021 Isabel Muñoz Zambrano., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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