Acta Scientific Paediatrics (ISSN: 2581-883X)

Research ArticleVolume 4 Issue 5

Study on the Antibiotic Resistance of Streptococcus pneumoniae Strains Present in the Paediatric Population

Loredana Matei1,2*, Aurel Nechita1,2, Irina Profir1,2, Mihailov Oana Mariana1 and Anisoara Munteanu1

1Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, “Dunărea de Jos” University of Galati, Romania
2Sfântul Ioan” Emergency Clinical Hospital for Children, Galati, Romania

*Corresponding Author: Loredana Matei, Department of Clinical Medical, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, “Dunărea de Jos” University of Galati, Romania.

Received: March 11, 2021; Published: May 07, 2021

Citation: Loredana Matei., et al. “Study on the Antibiotic Resistance of Streptococcus pneumoniae Strains Present in the Paediatric Population”. Acta Scientific Paediatrics 4.6 (2021): 08-12.

Abstract

Background: Antibiotic resistance is an issue whose characteristics are always dynamic, being by definition a crisis in the medical world. Currently, the studies in the specialized literature confirm the need for comprehensive efforts to minimize the rate of microbial resistance to antibiotic therapy, by studying the emerging microorganisms and the mechanisms of resistance of antimicrobial agents.

Method: Current research aims to analyzed the distribution of the incidence of Streptococcus pneumoniae detected over a year, focusing on the particular characteristics of this pathogen (sensitivity to antibiotics, but also resistance).

Results: For the patients hospitalized during 2019 in “Sfântul Ioan” Emergency Clinical Hospital for Children in Galati, an average total number of 230.42 was detected, which is associated with a standard deviation of ± 55.348 strains. The analysis of bivariate correlations with Pearson index demonstrates by its sig values of <0.05 the existence of statistical significance between the seasonal predisposition of antibiotic sensitivities of Streptococcus pneumoniae strains, but also the correlations between sensitivity - resistance for this pathogen.

Conclusion: One of the most important current issues in the medical world is the increase in resistance of Streptococcus pneumoniae, the pathogen being one of the main causes of development of otitis, pneumonia, meningitis and even septic states. The antibiotic resistance of pneumococcus is increasing worldwide, documented in the case of beta-lactams and macrolides in the first place.

Keywords: Streptococcus pneumoniae; Antibiotic Resistance; Sensitivity

Bibliography

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Copyright: © 2021 Loredana Matei., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



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