Acta Scientific Paediatrics (ISSN: 2581-883X)

Research ArticleVolume 4 Issue 5

The Relationship between Anemia in Pregnancy and the Demographic Variables among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Clinic at Diwan Polyclinic: A Cohort Study in Oman

Hind Alharassi1, Nawal Alhadhrami1 and Zainab Al-Mukhaini2*

1Registered Nurse, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Diwan Polyclinic, Muscat, Oman
2Senior Consultant, Community-Pediatrician, Diwan Polyclinic, Muscat, Oman

*Corresponding Author: Zainab Al-Mukhaini, Senior Consultant, Community-Pediatrician, Diwan Polyclinic, Muscat, Oman.

Received: March 04, 2021; Published: May 07, 2021

Citation: Zainab Al-Mukhaini., et al. “The Relationship between Anemia in Pregnancy and the Demographic Variables among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Clinic at Diwan Polyclinic: A Cohort Study in Oman”. Acta Scientific Paediatrics 4.6 (2021): 02-07.

Abstract

Background: Pregnancy-related anemia is a serious health problem worldwide and carries high risk of morbidity and mortality for mother and fetus alike. No national data on anemia in pregnancy in Oman.

Aim: This study is to explore the prevalence of anemia in pregnancy in Oman and its relationship to different demographic features to enable delivering optimum patient care.

Design: A retrospective quantitative study conducted for a cohort of pregnant ladies attending Diwan polyclinic-Muscat in Sultanate of Oman in 2015 looking at the prevalence of anemia in pregnancy and its relation to obstetric (gravidity and parity) and non-obstetric (age, education, employment, adherence to iron supplementation, BMI, nutritional history) demographic variables.

Method: A total of 1065 pregnant ladies attendee in year 2015. After identifying anemic ladies using WHO cut off point (Hb < 11.0 g/dL) at and after applying exclusion criteria (inherited blood disorder), the sample size was 169. Only 129 out of 169 were reached.

Questionnaires were distributed to participants after gaining verbal consent. Part A was about personal demographic data and was completed by participants while part B was clinical demographic data and was completed by researchers.

Results: Data was processed by SPSS (22). Average age was (29.45 ± 5.33). The prevalence of anemia was 16%. There was significant negative correlation between hemoglobin and gravidity ([r(129) = -0.312, P < 0.05) and between hemoglobin level and parity (r(129) = -0.287, P < 0.05) but no statistically significant relationship between hemoglobin level and other demographic variables.

Conclusion: Prevalence of anemia in pregnancy is 16%. Gravidity and parity are significant factors leading to anemia in pregnancy.

Keywords: Oman; Anemia; Pregnancy; Prevalence; Nutrition; Factors; Gravidity; Parity

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Copyright: © 2021 Zainab Al-Mukhaini., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



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