Acta Scientific Paediatrics (ISSN: 2581-883X)

Research ArticleVolume 4 Issue 5

Study of Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice Regarding COVID-19 to Improve Safety Practice among Health Care Workers

Safaa ELMeneza* and Amel Gaber

Pediatrics Department, Faculty of Medicine for Girls, AL-Azhar University, Egypt

*Corresponding Author: Safaa ELMeneza, Pediatrics Department, Faculty of Medicine for Girls, AL-Azhar University, Egypt.

Received: January 23, 2021; Published: April 28, 2021

Citation: Safaa ELMeneza and Amel Gaber. “Study of Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice Regarding COVID-19 to Improve Safety Practice among Health Care Workers”. Acta Scientific Paediatrics 4.5 (2021): 40-48.


Background: Healthcare workers are more vulnerable to COVID-19 infection both physically and psychologically.

Aim: The aim of this study was to estimate the gap in the knowledge, attitude and practice of the HCWs regarding COVID-19 in order to improve safety care and promote focus training to protect HCWs from adverse events /infection.

Methods: A cross sectional survey was applied from May 2020 to July 2020 involving 127 health care workers from Al-Zhraa University hospital.

Results: The highest response rate to survey was from nurses (51.97%), 37% of the respondents had 3-9 years of experience. Educational status varied from diploma of nursing in 44.1% to MD in 11.8%. There was association of knowledge with education, years of experience, female gender, work in frontline, and non-overworked. P values were < 0.00001, 0.0017, 0.019, < 0.00001 respectively. Fear was recorded among 81.10% and 55.9% had confidence in defeating COVID-19 virus. Practice were assessed through seven items. Maintained quarantine with family was reported among 74.8%, 29.92% did not receive training for COVID-19 infection prevention. 52.76% did not follow protocols to deal with PPE, 97.63 wear mask when contact with patient, 81.1% was refrained from shaking hands and 55.9% avoid patients with signs and symptoms suggestive of COVID-19.

Conclusion: HCWs of AL-Zhraa University hospital had significant knowledge, attitude and positive practice to COVID-19. However, residents need focused on job training regarding mode of infection of COVID-19, use of PPE and apply suitable PPE for the provided care.

Keywords: KAP Study; Patient Safety; COVID-19; Health Care Workers


  1. World Health Organization. How to protect health workers now: WHO COVID-19 briefing". World Economic Forum (2020).
  2. Mitchell Gemma. “Nurses among confirmed deaths from Covid-19 around the world”. Nursing Times (2020).
  3. In Memoriam: Healthcare Workers Who Have Died of COVID-19 - Medscape (2020).
  4. Egypt’s Medical Syndicate. martyr number 130 (2020).
  5. ELMeneza S andAbushady M. “Anonymous Reporting of Medical Errors from The Egyptian Neonatal Safety Training Network”. Pediatrics and Neonatology 61 (2020): 31-35.
  6. EL Meneza S. “Egyptian Neonatal Safety Training Network: a dream to improve patient safety culture in Egyptian neonatal intensive care units”. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal 10 (2020): 1303-1311.
  7. Zhong B-L., et al. “Knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards COVID-19 among Chinese residents during the rapid rise period of the COVID-19 outbreak: a quick online cross sectional survey”. International Journal of Biological Sciences 16 (2020): 1745-1752.
  8. Zhang M., et al. “Knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding COVID-19 among healthcare workers in Henan, China”. Journal of Hospital Infection 105 (2020): 183-187.
  9. Olum R., et al. “Coronavirus Disease-2019: Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices of Health Care Workers at Makerere University Teaching Hospitals, Uganda”. Frontiers in Public Health 181 (2020): 1-9.
  10. Wang D., et al. “Clinical characteristics of 138 hospitalized patients with 2019 novel coronavirus-infected pneumonia in Wuhan, China”. The Journal of the American Medical Association 11 (2020): 1061-1069.
  11. Wang J., et al. “Reasons for healthcare workers becoming infected with novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in China”. Journal of Hospital Infection 105 (2020): 100-101.
  12. World Health Organization. Rational use of personal protective equipment for coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and considerations during severe shortages (2020).
  13. EL Meneza S., et al. “Study of medical errors triggered by medical devices in neonatal intensive care unit”. Edelweiss Pediatrics Journal 1 (2020): 7-12.

Copyright: © 2021 Safaa ELMeneza and Amel Gaber. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is June 25, 2021.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of “Best Article of the Issue”.
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.
  • Contact US