Acta Scientific Paediatrics (ISSN: 2581-883X)

Research ArticleVolume 4 Issue 5

Pattern of Neonatal Surgical Admissions in University of Uyo Teaching Hospital (UUTH), Uyo

Eno Etim Nyong1*, Usen Effiong Uwah2, Jacob Jackson Udoh3, Paulinus Umoren Essien4 and Kingsley Irelosen Akhimeinho4

1Department of Paediatrics, University of Uyo Teaching Hospital, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
2MD Specialist Surgeon, Specialist Paediatric Surgeon, Department of Surgery, University of Uyo Teaching Hospital, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
3Professor, Department of Paediatrics, University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria
4Department of Paediatrics, University of Uyo Teaching Hospital, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author: Eno Etim Nyong, Department of Paediatrics, University of Uyo Teaching Hospital, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria.

Received: March 01, 2021; Published: April , 2021

Citation: Eno Etim Nyong., et al. “Pattern of Neonatal Surgical Admissions in University of Uyo Teaching Hospital (UUTH), Uyo”. Acta Scientific Paediatrics 4.5 (2021): 19-23.

Abstract

Background: Surgery in the newborn period is a significant contribution to the specialty of Paediatric Surgery and this involves the surgical management of some of the congenital conditions which form the bulk of these neonatal surgical conditions. The pattern of these surgical presentations has not been documented in Akwa Ibom State.

Objective: To describe the pattern of neonatal surgical admissions seen in the early years of existence of the University of Uyo Teaching Hospital, Uyo.

Subject and Method: A retrospective study of sixty-nine neonatal surgical cases seen over the first five years of existence of this hospital (2002 - 2006) was done. The information on age of admission, sex, weight, diagnosis, etc. were obtained from the admission register and case files.

Results: Eighty-nine (89.86%) of the cases were outborn. The mean age of presentation was 6.67 days. The male: female ratio was 1:5:1. Thirty (43.8%) were discharged while thirteen (18.84%) died. Of those who died, omphalocele constituted the highest mortality of 53.85% while spina bifida constituted the highest percentage among those who were referred (40%) and amongst those who “left against Medical Advice” (31.25%).

Conclusion: It is anticipated that with the growth of the hospital, improved neonatal facilities, more paediatric surgeons, availability of neonatal intensive care unit and a neurosurgeon, the outcome will improve as better peri-operative care, better trained inter-related sub-specialists, better imaging and laboratory facilities are desirable to enhance the outcome and survival in neonatal surgery here.

Keywords: Admissions; Congenital; Neonatal; Surgical

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Copyright: © 2021 Eno Etim Nyong., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



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