Assistant Professor, Department of Paediatrics, Gandhi Medical College, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
*Corresponding Author: Poorva Gohiya, Assistant Professor, Department of Paediatrics, Gandhi Medical College, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India.
Received: November 16, 2020; Published: February 11, 2021
Objectives: To assess the neurodevelopment of preterm (32 - 36 weeks) NICU graduates till 1 year of age and factors affecting it.
Methods: This is a prospective cohort study where 160 preterm babies of gestational age 32-36 weeks were enrolled using purposive sampling for study and were followed up for a period of one year.
All the details of hospitalisation were recorded on a pretested proforma. These babies were followed till 1 year of age. Their development was assessed with Developmental Scale for Indian Infants (DASII).
Results: The mean gestational age was 33.92 ± 1.378 weeks. Study population comprises 57.5% females. The mean motor development quotient (DQ) was 73.3 ± 9.2 and motor delay observed was 35.2%. The mean mental DQ was 80.5 ± 8.2 and the mental delay was 13.2%.
Conclusion: We observed a neurodevelopmental delay of 34% in the preterm babies after gestational age correction. Using DASII scale, a significant delay was noted in memory, social interaction and language domains. Assessment of neurodevelopment and serial monitoring would guide to start early intervention to minimise the delay at an earlier stage.
Keywords: DASII; WHO
Citation: Poorva Gohiya. “Neurodevelopmental Outcome of Preterm (32 - 36 weeks) Neonates Based on Developmental Assessment Scale for Indian Infants". Acta Scientific Paediatrics 4.3 (2021): 35-41.
Copyright: © 2021 Poorva Gohiya. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.