Atsede Teklehaimanot Legesse*
Pediatrician, Assistant Professor of Pediatrics and Child Health, Ethiopia
*Corresponding Author: Atsede Teklehaimanot Legesse, Pediatrician, Assistant Professor of Pediatrics and Child Health, Ethiopia.
Received: December 15, 2020; Published: February , 2021
Citation: Atsede Teklehaimanot Legesse. “Spinal Schistosomiasis in a Child: A Case Report”. Acta Scientific Paediatrics 4.3 (2021): 27.
Spinal schistosomiasis is very rare but severe form of scistosomiasis. If not diagnosed and treated early it might cause neurologic sequelae. It is usually associated with Schistosoma mansoni and schistosoma hematobium infection. Schistosomiasis is endemic in north eastern Ethiopia. Patients usually present with lower cord syndrome and involvement of cauda equina.
Keywords: Spinal Schistosomiasis; Sequelae; Cord
We present a 12 year old male child from Northeastern part of Ethiopia (Kemise) where scistosomiasis is endemic. He presented with one week history of lower back pain, progressive lower extremity weakness and urinary and bowel dysfunction. There was no change in mentation, seizure or no trauma history.
Clinical examination revealed hypotonia and a reduction in the strength of both lower extremities (power of 1/5). No sensory loss.
A lumbar puncture was done and showed 10 white blood cells otherwise negative gram staining and culture. No isolated scistosoma eggs were present in the urine or stool specimens. As acute flaccid paralysis surveillance, he was also tested for polio and was negative.
Spinal Magnetic resonant imaging was suggestive of spinal scistosomiasis and showed enlargement of conus medularis and lower thoracic cord with cord edema.
Lower cord syndrome due to spinal schistosomiasis was considered as a diagnosis for this child who was from scistosoma endemic area. With that impression he was treated with Praziquantel and corticosteroid.
He progressively got improvement of his muscle power, urinary and bowel control. After 3 months of symptom onset, he was able to walk and got completely recovered.
Though rare spinal schistosomiasis should be considered as a differential diagnosis of lower cord syndrome symptoms especially in endemic areas. Short of doing spinal surgery and biopsy. It is imperative to initiate treatment at the earliest with presumptive diagnosis to avoid neurologic sequelaes.
Copyright: © 2021 Atsede Teklehaimanot Legesse. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.