Scognamiglio Riccardo Marco1*, Russo Simone Matteo2 and Fumagalli Matteo3
1Psychologist Psychotherapist, Scientific Director, Istituto di Psicosomatica Integrata, Milan, Italy
2Psychologist Psychotherapist, Istituto di Psicosomatica Integrata, Milan, Italy
3Clinical Psyhcologist, Istituto di Psicosomatica Integrata, Milan, Italy
*Corresponding Author: Scognamiglio Riccardo Marco, Psychologist Psychotherapist, Scientific Director, Istituto di Psicosomatica Integrata, Milan, Italy.
Received: September 29, 2020; Published: January 28, 2021
Covid-19 caused by SARS COV-2, is associated with neurological and ophthalmological manifestations. It is one the largest global pandemic affecting over 3 million people in 213 countries worldwide. It has led to a death toll of > 200 thousand people in a short period of 4 months as per WHO on May 1st 2020. India has reported over 33,000 cases with > 1000 deaths [1,2].
Keywords: Covid-19; SARS COV-2; Pediatric Ocular Conditions
Objective: Our study aimed to investigate the effect of a sensorimotor training on cognitive performance, especially on pre-writing and pre-reading skills, in an Italian elementary school children.
Methods: 463 elementary school children, aged 5 to 7 years (266 in the experimental group and 197 in the control group). In order to evaluate the effectiveness of the sensorimotor training, which lasted twice a week for 12 sessions, the psychometric evaluations were at before, after the training and at a follow-up after one month. We used two tests: VMI (Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration) that assesses the ability to coordinate body movements with visual perception; PRCR-2 (Prove di Prerequisito per la Diagnosi delle Difficoltà di Lettura e Scrittura; English translation: "Pre-writing and Pre-reading Deficits Assessment)” that assesses prewriting and prereading deficits.
Results: The results of the specific sensorimotor training showed a significant effect of the training in improving performance at several PRCR-2 items, while no significant effect resulted on the performance at VMI.
Conclusion: Sensorimotor training showed an improving effect on pre-writing and pre-reading skills, with a significant reduction in writing and reading deficits. Instead, no significant effect resulted on visual motor integration.
Citation: Scognamiglio Riccardo Marco., et al. “A Quasi-Experimental Study of a Sensorimotor Training on Pre-Writing and Pre-Reading Skills in an Italian Elementary School with Children Aged 5 to 7 Years". Acta Scientific Paediatrics 4.2 (2021): 53-56.
Copyright: © 2020 Scognamiglio Riccardo Marco., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.