Acta Scientific Paediatrics (ISSN: 2581-883X)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 2

Assessment of Transfusion Needs in Pediatric Hematology-oncology

I Lemssahli1*, K Hajjout1, M Benajiba2 and A Belmekki3

1Rabat Regional Blood Transfusion Center, Morocco
2National Center for Blood Transfusion and Hematology, Morocco
3Blood Transfusion Service of the Med V Military Hospital, Morocco

*Corresponding Author: I Lemssahli, Rabat Regional Blood Transfusion Center, Morocco.

Received: November 20, 2020; Published: January 28, 2021

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Abstract

Introduction: The Rabat regional blood transfusion center (TBC) delivers LBPs to the various healthcare establishments (HE). The pediatric oncology and hematology service (SHOP) represents the most important hematology and oncology service in Morocco.

The objective of this study is to assess the transfusion needs of the SHOP, the management of urgent requests and assess the feedback.

Materials and Methods: This is a three-month descriptive study, from December 1, 2018 to February 28, 2019, consists of collecting the data noted on medical prescriptions, verifying the compliance of blood requests, evaluating the feedback and the declaration adverse transfusion reactions (ATR). The sample of our study concerns polytransfused patients from SHOP.

Results and Discussion: During the period from December 1, 2018 to February 28, 2019, the Rabat TBC received 1174 applications with a total of 3834 LBPs requested.

The quantitative and qualitative satisfaction of blood requests reached 83.54%.

11.5% of the requests were urgent, mainly concern leukocyte-depleted platelets (75%).

As for the conformity of requests, 27% are non-compliant and hinder the smooth running of the service.

We also find that The Irregular Agglutinin Test (RAI) was positive in 1, 40%; the search time for compatible LBPs may exceed three days.

The traceability of delivered LBPs is weak and does not exceed 10.33%, the declaration of transfusion reactions is 1, 31/1000 LBPs delivered; this rate does not reflect the reality.

Conclusion: The management of polytransfused patients is a delicate mission, which requires close collaboration between the blood transfusion centre and health establishments. The availability of LBPs is the responsibility of the blood transfusion centre; the feedback and reporting of adverse reactions are the responsibility of the healthcare establishments.

Keywords: Pediatric; Hematology; Oncology; Blood Management; LBPs; Adverse Transfusion Reactions; Haemovigilance

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References

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Citation

Citation: I Lemssahli., et al. “ Assessment of Transfusion Needs in Pediatric Hematology-oncology”. Acta Scientific Paediatrics 4.2 (2021): 47-52.




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Impact Factor0.695

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