Acta Scientific Paediatrics (ISSN: 2581-883X)

Research Article Volume 3 Issue 10

Diseases Associated to the Treatment of Malnutrition in Children in Developing Countries: Case of the Wikong Therapeutic and Nutritional Intensive Care Unit in Democratic Republic of Congo

Egnon KV Kouakou1*, Biaya D Baloji2, Badiambile R Mpulumba3, Nankomo Mudimbiyi3, Guy IM Sakaji3, Kalubi Mbaya5,6, Banza J Kabongo5, Tshite J Tshite7 and Ayinin Sanni8

1Pharmacology and Nutrition Laboratory, UFR Biosciences, Felix Houphouët-Boigny University, Abidjan, Ivory Coast, Côte d'Ivoire
2Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences of Tshilenge, Tshilenge territory, Province of Eastern Kasaï, Democratic Republic of Congo
3Faculty of Public Health, Official University of Mbujimayi, Province of Eastern Kasaï, Democratic Republic of Congo
4University of Mwene Ditu, Province of Lomami, Democratic Republic of Congo
5Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences of Mbujimayi, City of Mbujimayi, Province of Eastern Kasaï, Democratic Republic of Congo
6Nutrition National Program in the Province of Eastern Kasaï, Democratic Republic of Congo
77Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences of Lubao, Lubao territory, Province of Lomami, Democratic Republic of Congo
8Assana Consulting, Republic of Benin

*Corresponding Author: Egnon KV Kouakou, Pharmacology and Nutrition Laboratory, UFR Biosciences, Felix Houphouët-Boigny University, Abidjan, Ivory Coast, Côte d'Ivoire. E-mail: dbbiaya@gmail.com, kouakouegnonvivien@yahoo.fr

Received: July 23, 2020; Published: September 11, 2020

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Abstract

  Malnutrition is basically the backdrop whereon a good number of diseases can be grafted. The objective of this work is to determine frequently contracted infections by malnourished children in line with the information supplied by the Nutritional Management Programs. Furthermore, we carried out a retrospective band study of malnourished children of 0 to 59 months of age, who were admitted in the WIKONG Therapeutic and Nutritional Intensive Care Unit from 6th August 2019 to 31rd March 2020. The collected data were first encoded on the table sheet of Excel Microsoft Software package and then imported for their processing on the Epi infoTM 7.2.3.1 software package (CDC, 2019). In the aggregate, 42 children were included in the study. We registered a proportion of 62% of malnourished she-infants against 38% of malnourished he-ones. The majority of malnourished children were aged between 6 and 23 months (59,52%). The average age was of 15,52 ± 11,43 months. The most current consultations reasons were: cough (76,19%), loss of appetite and fever (73,81%), diarrhea (40,48%), hypoglycemia (35,71%), but the suspected diseases were malaria (57,14%), persistent enteritis (23,81%) and mouth candidiasis (19,05%). Girls alone represented 64% of the whole set of malnourished children with edema. A quick treatment of the malnourished children, a good identification and better management of these malnutrition associated diseases can help improve their nutritional state. As of yet, other complementary studies are still important for the broadening of the results.

Keywords: Complicated Malnutrition; Infections; Nutrition Based Management

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Citation

Citation: Egnon KV Kouakou., et al. “Diseases Associated to the Treatment of Malnutrition in Children in Developing Countries: Case of the Wikong Therapeutic and Nutritional Intensive Care Unit in Democratic Republic of Congo". Acta Scientific Paediatrics 3.10 (2020): 04-10.




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