Tuberculosis: An Overview and Review of Literature
Surya Kant1, Veenita Mitta2, Anil Kumar Mavi3, Rachna Chaturvedi4, Pooja Singh1*
1Department of Respiratory Medicine, KGMU, Lucknow, India
2Department of Microbiology, Ram Manohar Lohiya Institute of Sciences, India
3Amity Institute of Biotechnology, Amity University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
4Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Vallabhbhai Patel Chest University of Delhi, India
*Corresponding Author: Pooja Singh, Research Scholar, Department of Respiratory Medicine, King George’s Medical University, Lucknow, India.
May 17, 2021; Published: July 31, 2021
Tuberculosis Is a major bluster to humanity resist to progress in health-care systems and the widespread weapon of TB control programs. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimated 10.4million individuals had TB, but only 6 million cases had been reported to the WHO . Extra pulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) has an increasing rate in Indian population. The reason remains largely unknown. To understanding of the demographic and microbial characteristics of EPTB in the Indian population would extend the knowledgebase of EPTB and allow us to develop better strategies to control tuberculosis (TB). EPTB is one of the major reasons for under diagnoses. Tuberculosis (TB) pandemics increase morbidity, mortality and frequency of opportunistic infections. According to the WHO Global tuberculosis report 2020, Extra pulmonary Involvement can occur in isolation or along with a pulmonary cases focus as in the case of patients with multiple tuberculosis (TB). The lately human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) has outcome in changing epidemiology pandemic.
Keywords: Tuberculosis (TB); PCR; Treatment; Pathogenesis
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