Acta Scientific Pharmacology

Research Article Volume 2 Issue 8

Application of Taguchi Method in the Optimization of Parameters in the Synthesis of Graphene/Cotton Nanocomposite: An Antibacterial Agent

Faranak Khojasteh, Mahmoud Reza Sohrabi*, Morteza Khosravi, Mehran Davallo and Fereshteh Motiee

Department of Chemistry, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

*Corresponding Author: Mahmoud Reza Sohrabi, Department of Chemistry, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

Received: June 19, 2021; Published: July 20, 2021

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to optimize the coating process nano graphene particles on cotton using the Taguchi method. Optimization of experimental parameters, including graphene oxide (GO) concentration, the dosage of sodium borohydride (NaBH4), dosage of calcium chloride (CaCl2), and time was performed by applying the Taguchi method of experimental design (L9 orthogonal array). Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was also investigated to find the significance and percentage contribution of each factor. Reaction at room temperature performed. The synthesized nanocomposite was characterized using a scanning electron microscope (SEM), Fourier transforms infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-Ray diffraction (XRD). The Taguchi method was preferred over the factorial method, another design option for optimizing phenomena. Minimal chemical consumption, cost reduction, increase of product efficiency and stability by optimizing the reaction parameters are the advantages of using Taguchi method in this article. The synthesized nanocomposite has antibacterial properties and has a high potential for a wide range of medical and pharmaceutical applications.

Keywords: Graphene Oxide; Cotton; Factorial Method; Optimization; Taguchi Method; Antibacterial

References

  1. SK Tiwari., et al. “Graphene research and their outputs: Status and prospect”. Journal of Science: Advanced Materials and Devices 5 (2020) 10-29.
  2. EP Randviir., et al. “A decade of graphene research: production, applications and outlook”. Materials Today 17 (2014) 426-432.
  3. U Kumar Sur. “Graphene: A Rising Star on the Horizon of Materials Science”. International Journal of Electrochemistry 2012 (2012) 1-12.
  4. Bo Ge., et al. “A graphene coated cotton for oil/water separation”. Journal of Computer Science and Technology 102 (2014): 100-105.
  5. Rassoul Tabassian., et al. “Graphene-coated meshes for electroactive flow control devices utilizing two antagonistic functions of repellency and permeability”. Nature Communications 7 (2016): 13345.
  6. Dharshika Kongahge., et al. “Fabrication of a graphene coated nonwoven textile for industrial applications”. RSC Advances 6 (2016): 73203.
  7. Gaoliang Wei., et al. “Super permeable Atomic-Thin Graphene Membranes with High Selectivity”. ACS NANO 11 (2017): 1920-1926.
  8. Bin Shen., et al. “Compressible Graphene-Coated Polymer Foams with Ultralow Density for Adjustable Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Shielding”. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces 8 (2016): 8050-8057.
  9. Xue Li., et al. “Superhydrophobic graphene-decorated mesh gauze: recycling oils and organic solvents enhanced by large-diameter capillary action”. Science China Materials 7 (2016): 581-588.
  10. Alenka Kljun., et al. “Analysis of the physical properties of developing cotton fibers”. European Polymer Journal 51 (2014): 57-68.
  11. Matthew J., et al. “A Review of Graphene”. Honeycomb Carbon (2009).
  12. Leonard Y., et al. “Kapok/cotton fabric- polypropylene composites”. Polymer Testing 19 (2000): 905-918.
  13. Maya Jacob John and Rajesh D Anandjiwala. “Recent Developments in Chemical Modification and Characterization of Natural Fiber-Reinforced Composites”. Polymer Composites (2008): 187-207.
  14. Julie Credou and Thomas Berthelot. "Cellulose: from biocompatible to bioactivematerial”. Journal of Materials Chemistry B 2 (2014): 4767.
  15. N Cordeiroa., et al. “Investigation of surface properties of physico- chemically modified natural fibres using inverse gas chromatography”. Industrial Crops and Products 33 (2011): 108-115.
  16. M Tlijani., et al. “Study and Optimization of Palm Wood Mechanical Properties by Alkalization of the Natural Fiber”. International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR)1 (2013): 30-40.
  17. J Schoeck., et al. “Na-Cellulose Formation in a Single Cotton Fiber Studied by Synchrotron Radiation Microdiffraction”. Biomacromolecules 8 (2007): 602-610.
  18. A ISOGAI and RH ATALLA. "Dissolution of cellulose in aqueous NaOH solutions”. Cellulose 5 (1998): 309-319.
  19. Tatiana Budtova and Patrick Navard. "Cellulose in NaOH-water based solvents: a review”. Cellulose 23 (2016): 5-55.
  20. Takashi YAMASHIKI., et al. “Some Characteristic Features of Dilute Aqueous Alkali Solutions of Specific Alkali Concentration (2.5mol-1) Which Process Maximum Solubility Power against Cellulose”. Polymer Journal6 (1988): 447-457.
  21. Zhen-Zhen Yong., et al. “A simple method for the reduction of graphene oxide by sodium borohydride with CaCl2 as a catalyst”. New Carbon Materials1 (2015): 41-47.
  22. Li J., et al. “A method for the catalytic reduction of graphene oxide at temperatures below 150°C”. Carbon 9 (2011): 3024-3030.
  23. Avisha Chowdhury., et al. “Optimization of the production parameters of octyl ester bio-lubricant using Taguchiʼs design method and physico- chemical characterization of the product”. Industrial Crops and Products 52 (2014): 783-789.
  24. Soudeh Ghajar and Mahamoud Reza Sohrabi. "Taguchi experimental design used for Nano photo catalytic degradation of the pharmaceutical agent Aspirin”. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research | JOCPR 1 (2012): 814-821.
  25. TB Asafa., et al. “Taguchi method-ANN integration for predictive model of intrinsic stress in hydrogenated amorphous silicon film deposited by plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition”. Neurocomputing 106 (2013): 86-94.
  26. Saeed Maghsoodloo., et al. “Strengths and limitations of Taguchiʼs contributions to Quality, Manufacturing and process Engineering”. Journal of Manufacturing Systems 23 (2004): 73-126.
  27. Fereshteh Meshkani., et al. “Applying Taguchi robust design to the optimization of the synthesis parameters of nanocrystalline Cr-free Fe-Al-Cu catalyst for high temperature water gas shift reaction”. Materials Research Bulletin (2015): 229-235.
  28. H Orhanand and A Tatlıyer. "Comparison of factorial and taguchi designs in poultry science data". International Journal of Development Research (2016).
  29. Anna Ottenhall., et al. “Water-stable cellulose fiber foam with antimicrobial properties for bio based low-density materials". Cellulose 25 (2018): 2599-2613.
  30. S Szunerits and R Boukherroub. "Antibacterial activity of graphene-based materials". HAL Id: hal-01693273 (2018).
  31. W Hammers and R Offeman. "Preparation of graphene oxide”. Journal of the American Chemical Society 80 (1958): 1339.
  32. Yongqiang He., et al. “An environmentally friendly method for the fabrication of reduced graphene oxide foam with a super oil absorption capacity”. Journal of Hazardous Materials 260 (2013): 796-805.
  33. Alireza Ashori., et al. “Influence of mild alkaline treatment on the cellulosic surfaces active sites”. Carbohydrate Polymer 88 (2012): 1293-1298.
  34. Prosenjit Das., et al. “Optimization of degree of sphericity of primary phase during Cooling Slope casting of A356 Al alloy: Taguchi method and Regression analysis”. Measurement 55 (2014): 605-615.
  35. Ali Sedighi., et al. “Synthesis of Nano Cu2o on Cotton: Morphological, physical, biological and optical sensing characterizations”. Carbohydrate Polymer 110 (2014): 489-498.
  36. Yun Liu., et al. “Covalently intercalated grapheme oxide for oil-water separation”. Carbon 32 (2015): 264-272.
  37. Shervin Kabiri., et al. “Outstanding adsorption performance of graphene-carbon nanotube aerogels for continuous oil removal”. J. Carbon, 80 (2014): 523-533.
  38. Feng Liu., et al. “Fabrication of superhydrophobic/superoleophilic cotton for application in the field of water/oil separation”. Carbohydrate Polymer 103 (2014): 480-487.
  39. Efandiar Pakdel., et al. “Visible and UV functionality of TiO2 ternary nanocomposites on cotton”. Applied Surface Science 321 (2014): 447-456.
  40. Bi Xu and Zaisheng Gia, " Fabrication of a super hydrophobic ZnO nanorod array film on cotton fabrics via a wet chemical route and hydrophobic modification”. Applied Surface Science 254 (2008): 5899-5904.
  41. Nor Atirah Mat Yasin., et al. “Optimization of Resistance Spot Welding (RSW) Parameters by using Taguchi Method”. International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering 9 (2020): 3.
  42. Ch Narendra., et al. “Study the effect of formulation variables in the development of timed-release press-coated tablets by Taguchi design”. Natural Science4 (2010): 379- 387.
  43. MV GHICA., et al. “Optimization of the pharmaceutical products and process design applying taguchi quality engineering principles”. Farmacia 59 (2011): 3.
  44. N Noor., et al. “Durable Antimicrobial Behaviour from Silver-Graphene Coated Medical Textile Composites”. Polymers (Basel) 12 (2019): 2000.

Citation

Citation: Mahmoud Reza Sohrabi., et al. “Application of Taguchi Method in the Optimization of Parameters in the Synthesis of Graphene/Cotton Nanocomposite: An Antibacterial Agent".Acta Scientific Pharmacology 2.8 (2021): 07-13.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2020 Mahmoud Reza Sohrabi., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate36%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days

Indexed In


News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is July 10, 2022.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of “Best Article of the Issue”.
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.
  • Contact US