A Gobara1*, Halima Elfadel Alebead Ali1, Madena komi1 and Awad Salim Ibrahim Holy1,2
1Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Education, Dalanj University, Dalanj, Sudan
2Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Education, West Kordufan University, Sudan
*Corresponding Author: A Gobara, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Education, Dalanj University, Dalanj, Sudan.
Received: June 14, 2021; Published: July 20, 2021
The main objective of this study is to assess the antibacterial and antifungal activities of Balanites aegyptiaca kernel seeds and characterized the physicochemical properties. In the current study the Balanites aegyptiaca kernel seeds, bark was collected, dried, grinded then nonvolatile oils were extracted separately with n-Hexane using a Soxhlet extractor. The percentage yields of extract of the plants were found to be 25.64%. The Oil have been tested against (P. aeruginosa (G-), E. coli (G-), B. subtilis (G+), St. aureus (G+) and against (Candida albicans) to assess their antimicrobial properties. All n-Hexane extracts possessed strong antimicrobial activity. However Balanites aegyptiaca kernel seeds extract had the highest activity. Therefore, the latter plant physicochemical studies were done. The fatty acids profile of Balanites aegyptiaca oil was analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, it contained a total of five fatty acids including saturated linoleic and Oleic acids, and unsaturated Palmetic and steric acids also had unique antioxidant (compound). Phenol 2,6bis (1,1- dimetylethyl) 4-methyl ester. The physiochemical results showed that the oil contained kinetic viscosity (57cp), density (0.917g/cm3), refractive index (1.472), acid value is (49.96 mg/kg), saponification value is (248.75mg/g), ester number (234.79mg/kg) and pyroxide number (0.02mg/kg). Through the physiochemical analysis, it was found that oil can be used for human consumption due to the percentage yield of unsaturated acids (81%). The results of the antioxidant activity of oil showed that the oil had moderate antioxidant activity.
Keywords: Antimicrobial Activity; Medicinal Plants; Balanites aegyptiaca; Oils
Citation: A Gobara., et al. “Antimicrobial Activity and Physicochemical Properties of Sudanese Medicinal Plants Balanites aegyptiaca".Acta Scientific Pharmacology 2.8 (2021): 02-06.
Copyright: © 2021 A Gobara., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.