Femoral Malrotation Following Intramedullary Nailing of Femoral Shaft Fractures
Gary Ulrich1*, Kameron Kraus1 and David Rich2
1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Kentucky College of Medicine,
Lexington, KY, USA
2Eclipse Orthopaedics, Warsaw, IN, USA
*Corresponding Author: Gary Ulrich, Department of Orthopedic Surgery,
University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, KY, USA.
August 21, 2023; Published: August 29, 2023
Femoral malrotation represents one of the common causes of deformity following intramedullary nailing of femoral shaft fractures that can lead to cosmetic and functional consequences. Femoral malrotation is often underrecognized because femoral rotation is variable amongst the population and even variable within a patient comparing one’s own lower extremities. Moreover, femoral malrotation is difficult to measure. Clinical examination, ultrasonography, radiography, and computed tomography have all been described to measure femoral malrotation. In this review, we discuss the IMN complication of femoral malrotation with respect to its definition, functional significance, how to measure it, and treatment.
Keywords: Femoral Malrotation; Femoral Torsion; Intramedullary Nailing; Femoral Shaft Fractures
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