An Update on Taurine: A Review Article
Karthick Balasubramanian1*, Ramya Ramasamy Sanjeevi1, Bashayer Ahmad Yahya Muaini2, Alhanoof Jarady Ali Aljabry2, Layla Ahmad Hosain Ahmad Jabreel2, Fullah Mohammed Musa Debaj2, Ganiah Ali Yahya Dabary Hazazy2 and Mashael Hassan Ali Ahmad Harbi2
1Department of Physical Therapy, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
2Interns, Department of Physical Therapy, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Karthick Balasubramanian, Department of Physical Therapy, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia.
April 21, 2023; Published: June 26, 2023
Background: The hand grip strength (HGS) assessment is important to understand the function and work capacity of the upper extremity. The hand gripping occurring during activities of daily living (ADLs). Therefore, assessing HGS is a critical component of upper limb functional assessment. HGS value has been shown as prognostic factor in different conditions in clinical settings and in general population. HGS assessment plays a key role in rehabilitation after hand injury and hand surgery. There are limited number of studies on HGS in Saudi Arabian population. To our knowledge, no study has been conducted in Jazan, Saudi Arabia on normative values of HGS among healthy females. Therefore, in this study we aimed to provide the normative values of HGS in healthy young females in Jazan, Saudi Arabia.
Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, a total of 131 healthy females from 18-24 years of age were included from Jazan, Saudi Arabia. Information regarding the age, weight, height, BMI, and hand dominance were collected. HGS was measured by using a dynamometer in both dominant and non-dominant hands and the values are expressed in kilograms. The measurement was taken based on the standardized guidelines.
Results: The HGS showed incremental and significant increase as age progresses for both dominant and nondominant hands (F (6) = 15.4, P < 0.001) and (F (6) = 14.1, P < 0.001) respectively. There was no significant difference between dominant and non-dominant HGS (p > 0.05) in most of the age groups. HGS of dominant hand was positively and moderately correlated with age (r = 0.666 p < 0.01), positive and weak to moderate correlation with weight (r = 0.331 p < 0.01) positive and weak correlations with height (r = 0.195 p < 0.05) and BMI (r = 0.280 p < 0.01). Non-dominant HGS was positively and moderately correlated with age (r = 0.663 p < 0.01), positively and weakly correlated with height (r = 0.231 p < 0.01), weight (r = 0.287 p < 0.01) and BMI (r = 0.218 p < 0.05).
Conclusion: The study established the normal values of HGS stratified by age for young women in Jazan, Saudi Arabia. The results can be used as a reference value for rehabilitation of same age group.
Keywords:Hand Grip Strength (HGS); Dominant Hand; Non-Dominant Hand; Dynamometer; Saudi Arabia; Young Females
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