Comparison of Physical Activity, Knee Quality of Life and Functional Disability in
Athletes and Non- Athletes After ACL Reconstruction
Nitin Dhar1 and Karishma Chawla2
1Assistant Professor, School of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Sciences, KR
Mangalam University, Sohna Road, Gurugram, India
2Assistant Professor, Department of Physiotherapy, SGT University, Gurguram, India
*Corresponding Author: Karishma Chawla, Assistant Professor, Department of Physiotherapy, SGT University, Gurguram, India.
May 08, 2023; Published: June 20, 2023
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) provides a very significant role in knee stability, It elongates slanting from corner to corner in between of the knee joint this ligament preventing the tibia from coming forward out, the ligament within the knee is comprised of involvement which connects the thigh bone femur to the tibia bone.
Our aim is to investigate and analyze the comparison of physical activity, knee quality of life and functional disability in athletes and non –athletes after ACL reconstruction. Will it have a considerable change in the mobility and functional performance in the patients between 6-24 months of ACLR Various studies conducted on Single leg hop test, EQ- 5D 5L knee quality of life and lysholm knee scoring scale parameters and application, its impact and importance to reveal the knee quality of work status within a subject having unilateral ACL reconstruction which in terms help to get a genuine feedback on relief of pain, efficiency to perform recreational activities and any disabilities occurred within ADL’s.
Keywords:ACL Reconstruction; Physical Activity; Knee Quality of Life; Disability
- Franca D’Angelo., et al. “Graft selection in arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction Emilio Romanini” (2010).
- Keegan K Hovis. “Non-traumatic anterior cruciate ligament abnormalities and their relationship to osteoarthritis using morphological grading and cartilage T2 relaxation times: data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI)”. Skeletal Radiology 11 (2012): 1435-1443.
- Di Stasi SL., et al. “Gait patterns differ between ACL-reconstructed athletes who pass return-to-sport criteria and those who fail”. The American Journal of Sports Medicine6 (2013): 1310-1318.
- Bart Muller., et al. “Indications and contraindications for double-bundle ACL reconstruction”. International Orthopaedics2 (2013): 239-246.
- , et al. “Current concepts for injury prevention in athletes after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction”. The American Journal of Sports Medicine 41.1 (2013): 216-224.
- , et al. “Early rehabilitation with weight-bearing standing-shaking-board exercise in combination with electrical muscle stimulation after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction”. Acta Medica Okayama 66.3 (2012): 231-217.
- C Manske., et al. “Recent advances following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: rehabilitation perspectives Critical reviews in rehabilitation medicine Robert”. Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine1 (2012): 59-71.
- Çeliktaş M., et al. “Prediction of the quadruple hamstring autograft thickness in ACL reconstruction using anthropometric measures”. Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica1 (2013): 14-18.
- David Logerstedt., et al. “Single-legged Hop Tests as Predictors of Self-reported Knee Function After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: The Delaware-Oslo ACL Cohort Study”. The American Journal of Sports Medicine 10 (2012): 2348-2356.
- Ardern CL., et al. “Return to sport following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the state of play”. British Journal of Sports Medicine 7 (2011): 596-606.
- Frobell RB., et al. “Self-reported activitylevel and knee function in amateur football players: the influence of age, gender, history of knee injury and level of competition”. Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy 7 (2008): 713-719.
- Gifstad T., et al. “Long-term follow-up of patellar tendon grafts or hamstring tendon grafts in endoscopic ACL reconstructions”. Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy3 (2013): 576-583.
- Grant JA and Mohtadi NG. “Two- to 4-year follow-up to a comparison of home versus physical therapy-supervised rehabilitation programs after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction”. The American Journal of Sports Medicine 7 (2010): 1389-1394.
- Grindem H., et al. “A pairmatched comparison of return to pivoting sports at 1 year in anterior cruciate ligament-injured patients after a nonoperative versus an operative treatment course”. The American Journal of Sports Medicine 11 (2012): 2509-2516.
- Hui C., et al. “Fifteen- year outcome of endoscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with patellar tendon autograft for ‘‘isolated’’ anterior cruciate ligament tear”. The American Journal of Sports Medicine 1 (2011): 89-98.
- Kocher MS., et al. “Determinants of patient satisfaction with outcome after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction”. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 9 (2002): 1560-1572.
- Kostogiannis I., et al. “Activity level and subjective knee function 15 years after anterior cruciate ligament injury: a prospective, longitudinal study of non-reconstructed patients”. The American Journal of Sports Medicine 7 (2007): 1135-1143.
- Kvist J., et al. “Fear of re-injury: a hindrance for returning to sports after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction”. Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy 5 (2005): 393-397.
- Kvist J., et al. “Translation and measurement properties of the Swedish version of ACL-Return to Sports after Injury questionnaire”. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports 5 (2013): 568-575.
- Langford JL., et al. “A prospective longitudinal study to assess psychological changes following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction surgery”. British Journal of Sports Medicine 5 (2009): 377-378.
- Lind M., et al. “Medium to long-term follow-up after ACL revision”. Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy 1 (2012): 166-172.
- Marx RG., et al. “Reliability, validity, and responsiveness of four knee outcome scales for athletic patients”. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery America 10 (2001): 1459-1469.
- Mohtadi N. “Development and validation of the quality of life outcome measure (questionnaire) for chronic anterior cruciate ligament deficiency”. The American Journal of Sports Medicine 3 (1998): 350-359.