Effectiveness of Strengthening Exercises on Function and Pain in Adults with
Low Back Pain - A Systemic Review and Meta-Analysis
Venkatanaresh Kumar Meka1 and Dinesh Dharmalingam2
1Senior Physiotherapist, Concordia University, Mequon, United States
2Senior physiotherapist, Spectrum Physio, Kaggadasapura, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
*Corresponding Author: Dinesh Dharmalingam, Senior physiotherapist, Spectrum Physio, Kaggadasapura, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.
April 26, 2023; Published: May 23, 2023
The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate the effectiveness of strengthening exercises on improving strength, pain, and function in adults with low back pain. Methods: We only took in to account the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on chronic low back pain (CLBP) where experimental group was compared with alternative therapy/control group. We compared mean and standard deviation or percentage changes between two groups for post-treatment and follow-up measurements. Results: The literature search found 14 RCTs, three of which were excluded because one was a prospective cohort study and the other two studies did not clearly report the treatment. The 11 RCTs finally included into the review applied the trunk strengthening exercises in CLBP. Results indicated that trunk-strengthening exercises decreased pain, improved strength, and function. Conclusion: The main findings from this systematic review of 11 studies showed that some patients in some studies who received trunk-strengthening exercises improved in pain, function, and strength more than those who received no treatment and alternative treatment.
Keywords:chronic low back pain; Strengthening Exercises; trunk-strengthening exercises
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