Acta Scientific Orthopaedics (ISSN: 2581-8635)

Research Article Volume 6 Issue 6

Assessment of Presence or Absence of Plantaris Tendon in Iranian Population and Evaluation of the Relationship Between Presences or Absence of this Tendon with Palmaris Longus Tandon and Fifth Superficial Flexor Tendon

Shahram Ameri1, Ali Karbalaeikhani2 and Alireza Saied3*

1Shafa Hospital, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
2Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Emam Reza Hospital, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3Department of Orthopedics, Dr Bahonar Hospital, Sciences, Kerman, Iran

*Corresponding Author: Alireza Saied, Kerman Neuroscience Research Center, Institute of Neuropharmacology, University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Received: April 18, 2023; Published: May 12, 2023


Background: The Plantaris muscle is located in the leg located in the superficial posterior compartment muscles and some individuals do not have it. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the variation of absence in Plantaris muscle, its characteristics and the possible relation with variations of Palmaris longus and fifth superficial flexor digitorum in the hand.

Purpose: Determine intrareader and interreader reliability of HVA and IMA both pre-operative and postoperative.

Materials and Methods: 83 fresh cadavers, meeting the criteria among those referred to our legal medicine center in Kerman, Iran from early 2010 to late 2011 were chosen and included in the study. Dissection was performed on them and the results were recorded in a questionnaire including presence or absence, length and width of the aforementioned tendons. The suitability of the Palmaris and Plantaris tendons was assessed based on the criteria that has been accepted and previously described.

Results: F8 of the 83 cadavers showed variations. One cadaver did not have the Plantaris tendon in either of the legs and on did not show it unilaterally which means present in 80 (96.3%) and absent in 3 (3.7%), bilateral absence in two (2.3%) and unilaterally in one (1.2%). Palmaris longus was absent in 6 cadavers (7.2%), 4 bilateral (4.8%) and 2 (2.3%) unilateral. Among all the cadavers, the fifth flexor digitorum superficialis Bilateral was absent in 3, one unilateral (1.2) and 2 bilaterally ((2.3%). There was no statistically significant relationship (p < 0.05) among the presence of Palmaris longus, plantaris and fifth superficial flexor. The plantaris tendon by far showed better characteristics for graft than the Palmaris tendon.

Conclusions: According to the results of the present study, considering the Plantaris tendon for graft harvest seems logic, noting its high percentage of presence and better characteristics.

Keywords: Plantaris Tendon; Palmaris Longus Tendon; Fifth Superficial Tendon; Graft


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Citation: Alireza Saied., et al. “Assessment of Presence or Absence of Plantaris Tendon in Iranian Population and Evaluation of the Relationship Between Presences or Absence of this Tendon with Palmaris Longus Tandon and Fifth Superficial Flexor Tendon”.Acta Scientific Orthopaedics 6.6 (2023): 36-39.


Copyright: © 2023 Alireza Saied., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


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