Acta Scientific Orthopaedics (ISSN: 2581-8635)

Review Article Volume 6 Issue 5

Treatment of Acute and Chronic Cough in Children

Ivan Baljosevic1*, Nevena Baljosevic2 and Stefan Popovic1

1Mother and Child Health Institute, Belgrade, Serbia
2Faculty of Dentistry, Pancevo, Emergency Centre, University Clinical Centre of Serbia, Belgrade

*Corresponding Author: Ivan Baljosevic, Mother and Child Health Institute, Belgrade, Serbia.

Received: March 20, 2023; Published: April 14, 2023

Abstract

Cough (lat. tussis) is an automatic, natural reflex (without human will) that helps expel secretions, various irritants, foreign particles and microorganisms from the airways. In children, the most common cause of cough is the accumulation of secretions in the respiratory tract as a result of an allergy or infection. According to the duration, cough can be divided into: acute cough that lasts up to 4 weeks and chronic cough that lasts longer than 4 weeks. Most cases of acute cough in children are associated with viral infections of upper respiratory tract and do not require specific diagnostic evaluation. Treatment of upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) requires antipyretics, good hydration and aspiration of secretions. Intranasal steroids may be effective in children with allergic rhinitis that presents with cough during the pollen season. The causes of chronic cough in children vary depending on the age of the patient. The most common cause of non-specific chronic cough in children under 5 years of age is as a result of upper respiratory tract infection (37.6%), followed by asthma-like cough (31.8%) and post-infectious cough (18.8%). Chronic cough due to asthma requires treatment with bronchodilators and, depending on the classification, inhaled corticosteroids. In the case of allergic rhinitis, antihistamines and topical corticosteroids will be needed, at least for a month. The use of antihistamines has been shown to be very effective in patients with allergic cough. And that in groups of children with allergic asthma, allergic rhinitis and asthma, allergic rhinitis without asthma and atopic cough Treatment of allergic cough usually lasts about six months.

Keywords: Acute Cough; Chronic Cough; Treatment; Children

References

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Citation

Citation: Ivan Baljosevic., et al. “Treatment of Acute and Chronic Cough in Children”.Acta Scientific Orthopaedics 6.5 (2023): 72-75.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Ivan Baljosevic., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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