Department of Health and Behavior Studies, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, USA
*Corresponding Author: Ray Marks, Department of Health and Behavior Studies, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, USA.
Received: February 01, 2023; Published: February 16, 2023
Since the emergence of the novel virus later termed COVID-19, its rate of infection and its widespread impact remains an immense public health concern and challenge. But how specifically can orthopaedic problems such as hip fractures and falls injuries, plus painful arthritis become specifically impacted? This mini review updates what is known about the recently observed long COVID syndrome neuromuscular challenges not apparently associated with their health history profile in all cases. A second was to establish if any health associated preventive and intervention can be recommended especially for the older adult with long COVID-19 manifestations, who may still be very vulnerable to falling, and fracturing a bone, plus varying degrees of joint pain. Although long COVID symptoms have been attributed to psychosocial factors, it appears that more attention to how COVID-19 can induce neuromuscular disability through biological mechanisms is indicated.
Keywords: COVID -19; Long-COVID-19; Myalgia; Older Adults; Prevention
Citation: Ray Marks. “COVID-19 and its Multiple Long Term Neuromuscular Features and Implications”. Acta Scientific Orthopaedics 6.3 (2023): 126-133.
Copyright: © 2023 Ray Marks. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.