Effects of Quadriceps Combined with Abductor Strengthening Verses Quadriceps Combined
with Hamstring Strengthening in Treating Knee Osteoarthritis
Shah Sohil Yunusbhai*
Department of Physiotherapy, Sports Authority of Gujarat, India
*Corresponding Author: Shah Sohil Yunusbhai, Department of Physiotherapy,
Sports Authority of Gujarat, India.
January 11, 2023; Published: February 13, 2023
Background: Osteoarthritis a common disease of aged population and one of the leading causes of Joints disability. Knee Osteoarthritis is one of the most prevalent joint diseases with a prevalence of 22% to 39% in India. Worldwide OA is estimated to be the 4th leading cause of Joint disability, in which 10% are the male and 13% are the female. Early intervention is considered important for ameliorating the long-term effects of disease. Several studies have shown that quadriceps strengthening exercises may ameliorate joint pain in subjects with knee Osteoarthritis. Strengthening exercise are effective and helpful for reducing pain in knee osteoarthritis.
Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of quadriceps and hip abductor muscles strengthening versus effects of quadriceps and hamstring muscles strengthening in treating knee Osteoarthritis.
Materials and Method: Seventy subjects selected as per inclusion criteria who diagnosed with knee Osteoarthritis. Subjects were divided into group -1 and group-2. The first group received strengthening exercise for the quadriceps and abductor components. The second group received strengthening exercise for the quadriceps and hamstring components and the treatment lasted for 6-7 weeks and the primary outcome will be the Western Ontario and McMaster universities osteoarthritis index (WOMAC) scale.
Results: A Wilcoxon test was used for intragroup pre-treatment and post- treatment comparison of WOMAC and Mann Whitney U test was used for intergroup Post-treatment of WOMAC. The P value is 0.001. The mean for the group-A Post WOMAC score is 47.1143 which is less than the group-B Post WOMAC score, so it suggests an improvement. So there is sufficient information to reject and accept the type of hypothesis.
Conclusion: It is generally seen in many clinical set ups for treatment of OA of knee that exercises are often prescribed only for strengthening of quadriceps components but rarely for abductor so this study will helpful to design and describe the exercises to strengthen abductor muscles components also and help to improve Pain, disability and function activities in better way.
Keywords: Quadriceps; Abductor Strengthening; Hamstring Strengthening; Osteoarthritis
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