The Effect of Incentive Spirometer Verses Conventional Chest Physiotherapy on Pulmonary
Complications in Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Patients.
Mrunal Mahesh Wable
Department of Orthopaedics, Krishna College of Physiotherapy, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences Deemed University, Karad, India
*Corresponding Author:Mrunal Mahesh Wable, Department of Orthopaedics, Krishna College of Physiotherapy, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences Deemed University, Karad, India.
August 19, 2022; Published: November 11, 2022
Background: The purpose of this study was to identify the post pulmonary complication faced by the coronary artery bypass grafting patients. So that the most effective treatment is reviewed and selection of incentive spirometer exercise, conventional chest physiotherapy with early mobilization is chosen as the line of treatment. It may improve health status by improving the functional capacities and there by enhance the aerobic performance of an individual. The value of chest physiotherapy has recently been established and accepted but it is still unclear which treatment techniques are most effective. Early mobilization and breathing exercises are often the first choice of treatment, but evidence as to the optimal intensity, timing and choice of exercises is scarce. There are only limited published literatures on how the cardiac surgery patient should be exercised with incentive spirometer and mobilizes during the first postoperative period in hospital.
Aim and objectives: To find the effectiveness of incentive spirometer and conventional chest physiotherapy on pulmonary complications in coronary artery bypass grafting patients.
Material and Method: Intervention was given preoperatively and post operatively. Then the patient was divided into two groups are Group A Incentive spirometer, Group B Conventional chest physiotherapy. All the participants were receive the selected treatment for 2 session’s minimum pre operatively and 6 sessions post operatively. Material used are inch tape and pulmonary function test machine
Result: chest expansion pre and postoperatively shows there is extremely significant difference in group A. chest expansion postoperatively shows there is very significant difference between group A and GroupB.FEV1/FVC there is very significant difference between Group A and Group B.
Conclusion: Based on statistical analysis for results, the present study concluded that, incentive spirometer training was significantly effective compared with conventional chest physiotherapy on pulmonary complications in coronary artery bypass grafting patients.
Keywords: Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting; Incentive Spirometer; Conventional Chest Physiotherapy
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