Acta Scientific Orthopaedics (ISSN: 2581-8635)

Research Article Volume 5 Issue 12

Effectiveness of Hydrotherapy in Knee Arthrosis

Herrera-Mora Yasneidy1, Quintero-Gómez Juan Camilo2*, Garzón-Sarmiento Angelica Maria3, Herrera-Mora Aybi Yaneth4, Flórez-Rueda Martha Lucia5 and Gutiérrez-Marín Lleidy Mildré6

1Occupational Therapist, Occupational Health and Safety Specialist, University Specialist in Neurological Hand Therapy, Master in Organization Administration, Doctoral student in Health, Disability, Dependence and Well-being, Diversity Foundation, Medellin Colombia
2Physiotherapist, Specialist in Safety and Health at Work, Master in Epidemiology and Public Health, Diversity Foundation, Medellin Colombia
3Occupational Therapist, Specialist in Neurodevelopment and Learning, Master in Neurodevelopment and Learning, Diversity Foundation, Medellin Colombia
4Psychologist, Special Educator, Master’s in psychology, ABA, Diversity Foundation, Medellin Colombia
5Psychologist, Specialist in Children with Emphasis in Psychoanalysis, Diversity Foundation, Medellin Colombia
6Educator, ABA, Master in Psychopedagogy, Fundación Diversidad, Medellin Colombia

*Corresponding Author: Quintero-Gómez Juan Camilo, Physiotherapist, Specialist in Safety and Health at Work, Master in Epidemiology and Public Health, Diversity Foundation, Medellin Colombia.

Received: July 13, 2022; Published: November 04, 2022

Abstract

Introduction: Osteoarthritis (OA) currently represents the most common type of arthritis around the world.

Objective: To review the effectiveness of hydrotherapy in knee osteoarthritis based on the systematic review of the available literature.

Materials and Methods: Systematic review based on clinical trials and randomized clinical trials. The search, identification, selection, screening and inclusion of the studies included in this review were carried out under the criteria of the PRISMA Declaration. The data was extracted from the Zotero reference processor and the data were discriminated in a Microsoft Excel data matrix. The evaluation of the methodological quality and the risk of bias was carried out from the PEDro scale for the methodological evaluation of clinical trials.

Results: 1650 titles were initially identified in PMC, Pubmed, ScienceDirect, Hinari, and Dialnet; 9 clinical trials and randomized clinical trials were finally included. The results show the efficacy and safety of interventions based on hydrotherapy as a therapeutic method in the rehabilitation of pain, function, muscle mass, gait, psychological function and health-related quality of life in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee.

Conclusions: The results of this review consider hydrotherapy as an effective and safe intervention in patients with osteoarthritis of the knees; hydrotherapy seems to be an intervention that generates greater adherence in the long term and with greater effects after a follow-up of up to 12 months.

Keywords: Hydrotherapy; Rehabilitation; Knee Joint

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Citation

Citation: Quintero-Gómez Juan Camilo., et al.. “Effectiveness of Hydrotherapy in Knee Arthrosis”. Acta Scientific Orthopaedics 5.12 (2022): 14-25.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Quintero-Gómez Juan Camilo., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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