Acta Scientific Orthopaedics (ISSN: 2581-8635)

Research Article Volume 5 Issue 10

A Comparative Study of Safety and Efficacy of Allopurinol and Febuxostat in Patients with Hyperuricemia

Valmiki Sai Kiran1*, Chinthaginjala Harish1, Padwal Shradda1, B Swathi2, R Sandhya2, YSN Murthy3 and Guruprasad4

1Department of Pharm. D, Bharat School of Pharmacy, Mangalpally, Ibrahimpatnam, Hyderabad, India
2Assistant Professor, Bharat School of Pharmacy, Mangalpally, Ibrahimpatnam, Hyderabad, India
3Medical Director, MS Senior Consultant Orthopaedic, Department of Orthopaedics, Durgabai Deshmukh Hospital and Research Centre (AMS), Vidyanagar, Hyderabad, India
4Consultant Orthopaedic, Department of Orthopaedics, Durgabai Deshmukh Hospital and Research Centre (AMS), Vidyanagar, Hyderabad, India

*Corresponding Author: Valmiki Sai Kiran, Chinthaginjala Harish and Padwal Shradda; Department of Pharm. D, Bharat School of Pharmacy, Mangalpally, Ibrahimpatnam, Hyderabad, India.

Received: August 24, 2022; Published: September 30, 2022

Abstract

Objective: To Evaluate the comparative study of safety and Efficacy of Allopurinol and Febuxostat in patients with hyperuricemia. To report adverse effects of allopurinol and febuxostat. Evaluation of Laboratory investigations by Serum Uric Acid Test.

Introduction: Hyperuricemia is defined by a rise in serum urate levels > 7.0mg/Dl. It is caused by a combination of a factors including nutrition, genetic predisposition and urate overproduction or underproduction. Uric acid is a by-product of protein metabolism. Allopurinol and Febuxostat is used to treat hyperuricemia patients (chronic gout) with a dose of 100-300 mg and 40-80 mg respectively.

Methodology: Out of 200 patients with hyperuricemia were randomly assigned to allopurinol group (100) and febuxostat group (100) in that both males and females are equally randomized. The Duration of the study is 6 months and was designed as a prospective, comparative, observational and follow-up component. This study was carried out in patients suffering from hyperuricemia to evaluate the comparative study of safety and efficacy of Allopurinol and Febuxostat in the Department of Orthopaedics, Durgabai Deshmukh Hospital, 300 bedded multi-speciality hospital from January 2021. All statistical analysis are performed by using IBM SPSS windows V24. Descriptive statistics like mean, SD, are calculated for Age, height, weight, BMI, serum uric acid. ANCOVA was performed to compare mean values of uric acid. X2- test were used to study the association between the BMI category and drugs.

Results: We found no statistically significant correlation between age, height, weight, or BMI and drugs in our study. Using the x2-test, we found no correlation between BMI category and drug in our study. In both groups, when gender is considered, there is a statistically significant difference between age and drugs for female patients, but not for male patients. Out of 200 patients in our study, 116 patients (61 men and 55 women) had adverse effects that were reported, and 84 patients (39 men and 45 women) had no adverse effects. Compared to other drugs allopurinol has more side effects.

Conclusion: In our study, it is proved that febuxostat with a dose 40-80mg/day is shown to be be more efficacious and safer in reducing serum urate concentration than allopurinol 100-300mg/day. Allopurinol shows a major adverse effect as compared to febuxostat.

Keywords: Hyperuricemia; Uric Acid; Protein Metabolism; Xanthine Oxidase

References

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Citation

Citation: Valmiki Sai Kiran, Chinthaginjala Harish and Padwal Shradda., et al. “A Comparative Study of Safety and Efficacy of Allopurinol and Febuxostat in Patients with Hyperuricemia".Acta Scientific Orthopaedics 5.10 (2022): 165-171.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Valmiki Sai Kiran, Chinthaginjala Harish and Padwal Shradda., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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