Epidemiology of Fractures with Indoor Patients in Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical College, Faridpur, Bangladesh
Abul Hasan1*, Anadi Ranjan Mondol2, Mohammad Shahin Akter3, Masudur Rahman3 and Mohammad Salim Miah3
1Registrar, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical College Hospital, Faridpur, Bangladesh
2Associate Professor, Department of Orthopedics, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical College (BSMMC), Faridpur, Bangladesh
3Assistant Professor, Department of Orthopedics, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical College (BSMMC), Faridpur, Bangladesh
*Corresponding Author: Abul Hasan, Registrar, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical College Hospital, Faridpur, Bangladesh.
August 29, 2022; Published: September 26, 2022
Background: The fractures are secondary trauma. A bone fracture is a medical condition in which there is a partial or complete break in the continuity of the bone. There are many factors causing bone fractures linked to road accidents, industrial accidents, falls from height, etc., which is the first leading cause of death among people aged 18-50. Fractures constitute a significant source of disability, dysfunction, and reduced quality of life, mainly in the elderly population.
Aim of the study: The study aimed to find out the epidemiological characteristics and outcomes of fractures in indoor patients in Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical College, Faridpur, Bangladesh.
Methods: The study was conducted in Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical College, Faridpur, Bangladesh, one of the country's highest-volume trauma centers. A total of 4700 patients were obtained from the medical records department from January 2021 to December 2021. Patients were segregated concerning their genders and into three age groups. The etiology of fracture was noted, and fractures were classified according to the anatomical area. Whether the patient received conservative or operative management was also recorded.
Result: This is a retrospective study; a total of 4700 patients were enrolled and analyzed in this study. All 4700 fracture cases admitted in the tertiary hospital meeting the inclusion criteria were evaluated in our research, and the following observations were made from the data collected. The ratio between males and females was 1.4:1. Fractures were classified based on their anatomical location and arranged in decreasing frequency; 890 (18.94%) patients were from the conservative segment, and 3810 (81.06%) patients were from the operative part.
Conclusion: Our study highlights that Bangladeshi epidemiology is unique from our Western counterparts. The population is much younger; older males are affected more than females. Lower limb fractures are more prevalent, and road traffic accidents are responsible for almost half the fractures.
Keywords: Epidemiology; Fractures; Indoor Patients
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