Acta Scientific Orthopaedics (ISSN: 2581-8635)

Research Article Volume 5 Issue 9

Prevalence of Nasal Carrying of Staphylococcus aureus in Patients Undergoing Total Hip Arthroplasty

Nicolas Rojas Veloso1, Jonathan Torres Castro1,2,3*, Cristian Contreras Villalobos1, Chu Long Yuan4, Nicolas Pinto Santander5, Giovanna Castillo6, Tomas Amenabar Vial1,7 and Osvaldo Inostroza Farina1

1Orthopaedic Surgeon, Hip Unit, Instituto Traumatológico, Santiago, Chile
2Orthopaedic Surgeon, Hip Unit, Clínica RedSalud Santiago, Santiago, Chile
3Orthopaedic Surgeon, Hip Unit, Clínica RedSalud Providencia, Santiago, Chile
4Orthopaedic Surgeon, Hospital Salvador, Santiago, Chile
5Orthopaedic Surgeon, Hip Unit, Hospital Puerto Montt, Puerto Montt, Chile
6Nurse Technician, Instituto Traumatológico, Santiago, Chile
7Orthopaedic Surgeon, Hip Unit,Instituto Traumatológico, Clínica Alemana, Santiago, Chile

*Corresponding Author: Jonathan Torres Castro, Orthopaedic Surgeon, Hip Unit, Instituto Traumatológico, Clínica RedSalud Santiago, Clínica RedSalud Providencia, Santiago, Chile.

Received: June 22, 2022; Published: August 08, 2022

Abstract

Introduction: Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) is one of the most dramatic complications in total hip arthroplasty (THA). Among risk factors, nasal colonization with Staphylococcus Aureus (SA) has been described, showing an increasing prevalence of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of S. Aureus, MRSA nasal colonization before THA and to learn the relation to Charlson comorbidity index (CCI).

Methods: From a sample of patients from the community with osteoarthritis, we selected patients undergoing THA who met inclusion and exclusion criteria and were screened for nasal colonization of SA and antibiotic resistance, prior to surgery. A decolonization protocol with topic mupirocin and soapy chlorhexidine bathing was used in nasal carriers of SA. A new culture was performed two weeks after the treatment was completed. Finally, CCI was calculated.

Results: 106 patients met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. 24.5% (26) of patients were positive to nasal colonization to SA, 1.8% of them were positive to MRSA and all completed treatment. No positive cultures were obtained in the two-week follow-up, no statistically significant difference in the CCI between both groups was revealed and no PJI was reported at 6-month follow-up.

Discussion: In this study, the prevalence of nasal colonization S. Aureus and MRSA, was within the range reported in international literature. We suggest a universal detection of nasal carriage of SA in patients who will be undergoing a THA.

Keywords:Staphylococcus aureus; Arthroplasty; Infection; MRSA

References

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Citation

Citation: Jonathan Torres Castro., et al. “Prevalence of Nasal Carrying of Staphylococcus aureus in Patients Undergoing Total Hip Arthroplasty". Acta Scientific Orthopaedics 5.9 (2022): 36-37.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Jonathan Torres Castro., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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