Acta Scientific Orthopaedics (ISSN: 2581-8635)

Review Article Volume 5 Issue 7

Lymphedema: A Brief Overview

Oluwafifunmi Odunowo*

Physical Therapy Department, University of Michigan-Flint, United States/Physical Rehabilitation Program, International Committee of the Red Cross, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author: Oluwafifunmi Odunowo, Physical Therapy Department, University of Michigan-Flint, United States/Physical Rehabilitation Program, International Committee of the Red Cross, Ethiopia.

Received: May 20, 2022; Published: June 14, 2022

Abstract

Lymphedema is an incurable and progressive condition characterized by chronic inflammation, tissue fibrosis, atrophic changes in skin, localized pain and secondary infections. Often classified as primary or secondary based on the underlying causes, lymphedema could affect the upper and lower extremities, genitals, face and trunk and is noticeable initially by soft pitting edema that occurs in dependent positions but is relieved with elevation. Treatment for lymphedema could be conservative or invasive. While conservative treatment of lymphedema focuses on reducing pitting edema through compression, surgical treatment follows three approaches: resection procedures, microsurgical interventions and suction-assisted lipectomy. According to evidence, integrated physical therapy interventions for lymphedema could decrease lower and upper extremity edema by 90% and 26% respectively.

Keywords: Lymphedema; Physical Therapy; Chronic Inflammation

References

  1. Hunley JH., et al. “Lymphoedema practice patterns: the current state of the industry”. Journal of Lymphoedema 1 (2020): 65-70.
  2. Borman P. “Lymphedema diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up from the viewpoint of physical medicine and rehabilitation specialists”. Turkish Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 3 (2018): 179-197.
  3. Warren AG., et al. “Lymphedema: a comprehensive review”. Annals of Plastic Surgery 4 (2007): 464-472.
  4. Johnson KB and Damarell RA. “The impact of land-based exercise on quality of life and subjective symptoms in lowerlimb lymphoedema: a systematic review”. Journal of Lymphoedema 1 (2020): 41-48.
  5. Moffatt CJ., et al. “Lymphoedema: an underestimated health problem”. QJM10 (2003): 731-738.
  6. Kayıran O., et al. “Lymphedema: From diagnosis to treatment”. Turkish Journal of Surgery 2 (2017): 51-57.
  7. Myers B. “Wound Management: Principles and Practices. 4th edition”. Pearson (2020).
  8. Packard D. “Lymphedem. Flint, MI: University of Michigan-Flint (2021).
  9. Grada AA and Phillips TJ. “Lymphedema: Pathophysiology and clinical manifestations”. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 6 (2017): 1009-1020.
  10. Tantawy SA., et al. “Comparative Study Between the Effects of Kinesio Taping and Pressure Garment on Secondary Upper Extremity Lymphedema and Quality of Life Following Mastectomy: A Randomized Controlled Trial”. Integrative Cancer Therapies 18 (2019): 1534735419847276.

Citation

Citation: Oluwafifunmi Odunowo. “Lymphedema: A Brief Overview".Acta Scientific Orthopaedics 5.7 (2022): 56-60.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Oluwafifunmi Odunowo. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate33%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days

Indexed In



News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is August 15, 2022.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of “Best Article of the Issue”.
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.
  • Contact US