Acta Scientific Orthopaedics (ISSN: 2581-8635)

Research Article Volume 5 Issue 7

Regional Blockades in the Perioperative Period during the Reposition of the Inferior Orbital Rim Wall

Mishchenko OP1, Mankov AV2* and Zabolotskii DV3

1First Ophthalmic Surgery Department, Irkutsk Branch of S. Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution, Russian Federation
2Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Irkutsk State Medical University, Russian Federation
3Department of Anesthesiology, Intensive Care and Emergency Pediatrics, Saint Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University, Russian Federation

*Corresponding Author: Mankov AV, Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Irkutsk State Medical University, Russian Federation.

Received: March 21, 2022; Published: June 08, 2022


The analgesic effect of the pterygopalatine blockade is successfully used as anesthesia in otolaryngology, with volumetric surgical interventions in the maxillofacial region and as an interventional method for the treatment of migraine, cluster and chronic facial pain, in the treatment of post-functional pain syndrome, postherpetic neuralgia.

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the analgesic effect of the infra zygomatic access of performing a pterygopalatine block as a component of combined anesthesia during reconstructive surgery for fractures of the lower orbital edge.

Research and Design: The study was carried out at Irkutsk Branch of S. Fyodorov “Eye microsurgery” Federal State Institution of Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation. 9 male patients with the fractures of the lower orbital edge were included.

Material and Methods: Pterygopalatine blockade as a component of combined anesthesia was performed through a infrazygomatic access by the impegnation technique for pain management in reconstruction of the inferior orbital rim wall. A 25 mm needle with a 23G diameter was used to anesthetize the pterygopalatine ganglion and the maxillary nerve with solutions of local anesthetics (lidocaine 2% - 2 ml and ropivacaine 0.75% - 2 ml). The following parameters were evaluated: the adequacy of anesthesia, the duration of the analgesic effect of the pterygopalatine blockade by Verbal Rating Scale, the appointment of additional anesthesia, patient comfort, complications after the blockade.

Results: Pterygopalatine blockade as component of a combined anesthesia was effective intraoperatively and didn’t cause hemodynamic changes during surgery. During a postoperative period, patients felt comfortable without pain. No additional anesthesia required. The length of the block varied from 4 to 6 hours. Such complications as hemorrhages, intravascular injection of anesthetic, trauma of neural structures were not noticed.

Conclusion: Pterygopalatine block is a good alternative to both intra and post operative anesthesia in reposition of the inferior orbital rim wall.

Keywords: Pterygopalatine Blockade; Sphenopalatine Block; Ultrasound Navigation; Pain; Peripheral Nerve Blockade; Ophthalmic Surgery


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Citation: Mankov AV., et al. “Regional Blockades in the Perioperative Period during the Reposition of the Inferior Orbital Rim Wall".Acta Scientific Orthopaedics 5.7 (2022): 21-25.


Copyright: © 2022 Mankov AV., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


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