Acta Scientific Orthopaedics (ISSN: 2581-8635)

Research Article Volume 5 Issue 5

A Correlational Study of Mechanical Low Back Pain on Medial Arches of Foot in School Teachers

Priyali Priyadarsini1* and Shilpi Pal2

1 Lecturer, Harsha Institution of Physiotherapy, Harsha Hospital Campus, Nelamangala, Bengaluru, India
2 Assistant professor, Vydehi institute of physiotherapy,vydehi institute of medical sciences and research center, Bengaluru ,India

*Corresponding Author: Priyali Priyadarsini, Lecturer, Harsha Institution of Physiotherapy, Harsha Hospital Campus, Nelamangala, Bengaluru, India.

Received: March 23, 2022; Published: April 19, 2022

Abstract

Background: Low back pain (LBP) is defined as pain and discomfort, localized posteriorly below the lower costal margin and above the inferior gluteal folds with or without leg pain. Low back pain is perceived as a familiar occupational problem having a high prevalence between musculoskeletal disorders among school teachers. In the whole lot of the data related to cacophonies, the biomechanical analysis and the exact reason or co-relationship of the incidences of low back pain with biomechanics of other associated structure is completely lost. This study has clearly emphasized on the area of biomechanics and alterations to the foot arches specifically to the medial arch and its co-relationship with the incidence of low back pain among school teachers.

Objective: The objective of this study was to correlate the mechanical low back pain with the medial arch measurement in school teachers.

Methodology: This study involves teachers from different schools of K.R. Puram. 100 number of subjects both male and female who were aged between 31- 50 years participated in this study. The selection was made on the basis of inclusion and exclusion criteria. Modified Oswestry Low back pain questionnaire was used to assess the low back pain and function, Pressure algometer (kg/cm2) was used to measure the back pain and Navicular Drop Test(mm) was used to measure the arches of foot. An informed consent was obtained from all of them before starting the study and the demographic data was obtained from them. Statistical analysis was done by SPSS software and the data was validated.

Results: The study conducted for a period of 6 months indicated that, the statistical value of navicular drop shows strong co-relationship between symptoms severity of Low back pain in school teachers. The result obtained post analysis of Modified Oswestry Low back pain disability questionnaire, shows increased value of navicular drop test is highly co-related with increased scores in Modified Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Questionnaire which establishes the relation that medial longitudinal arch plays a vital role in improving load distribution in the low back area and therefore decreased medial longitudinal arch is one of the reason for increased incidents of Mechanical low back pain.

Conclusion: The respective study was undertaken to understand the relationship between altered medial longitudinal arches of feet and incidences of Low Back Pain in school teachers. As the study findings reveals that there is significant relationship with altered arches of foot with incidences of Low back pain.

Keywords: Ergonomics; Threshold; Weight Bearing; Chronic; Mechanical

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Citation

Citation: Priyali Priyadarsini and Shilpi Pal. “A Correlational Study of Mechanical Low Back Pain on Medial Arches of Foot in School Teachers".Acta Scientific Orthopaedics 5.5 (2022): 59-69.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Priyali Priyadarsini and Shilpi Pal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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