Konstantin Anatolyevich Bugaevsky*
Assistant Professor, Department of Medical and Biological Foundations of Sports and Physical Rehabilitation, The Petro Mohyla Black Sea State University, Nilolaev, Ukraine
*Corresponding Author: Konstantin Anatolyevich Bugaevsky, Assistant Professor, Department of Medical and Biological Foundations of Sports and Physical Rehabilitation, The Petro Mohyla Black Sea State University, Nilolaev, Ukraine.
Received: December 24, 2021; Published: March 23, 2022
The article presents the results of a study aimed at identifying the main causes and types of injuries, both during training and during the competitive period, among female athletes of different age groups involved in a number of types of modern women's sports. Injuries and injuries of the musculoskeletal system of athletes are considered, with the involvement of the bones, ligamentous-tendon and muscular apparatus of athletes in the traumatic process, primarily the girdle of the upper and lower extremities, the chest, various parts of the spine, as well as the soft tissues of the body. According to the results of the study, it was reliably established that among all types of sports injuries in athletes of the studied groups, sprains and dislocations prevail - 1108 cases, in 67.44% of female athletes, as well as soft tissue injuries of various parts of the body - 973 cases or 59.22% of all female athletes. There was also a history of bone fractures in various parts of the body, mainly in the upper and lower extremities - 25 cases, or 1.52% of all female athletes studied. Also, it was found that muscle pain of different localization was detected in 1525 (94.54%) of all athletes; joint pains of different localization (mainly in the knee, elbow, shoulder and ankle joints) - in 1478 (91.63%); pain in different parts of the spine (most often in the neck and lumbosacral) - in 1548 (95.97%) female athletes. According to extended interviews, the most common causes of injuries are etiological factors such as violation of basic safety requirements - in 1007 (61.29%); insufficient duration and volume of the warm-up, when performing the necessary set of exercises - in 804 (48.94%) athletes; lack of proper control on the part of the coach, when performing this or that technique/exercise 619 (37.68%) cases of injury to an female athlete. In addition, it was found that the greatest number of all types of injuries was recorded among young athletes with little sports experience.
Keywords: Sportswomen; Different Age Groups; Injuries; Fractures; Dislocations; Sprains; Bruises; Upper and Lower Limb Girdles
Citation: Konstantin Anatolyevich Bugaevsky. “Prevalence and Causes of Injuries in a Number of Women's Sports".Acta Scientific Orthopaedics 5.4 (2022): 101-105.
Copyright: © 2022 Konstantin Anatolyevich Bugaevsky. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.