Acta Scientific Orthopaedics (ISSN: 2581-8635)

Literature Review Volume 5 Issue 4

Effectiveness of Stretching Exercise in the Treatment of Plantar Fasciitis-A Review of Literature

Shilpi Pal1, Syeda Khanam2* and Priyali Priyadarsini3

1Assistant Professor, Vydehi Institute of Physiotherapy, Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Bengaluru, India
2Professor, East Point Institute of Physiotherapy, East Point Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Bengaluru, India
3Lecturer, Harsha Institute of Physiotherapy, India

*Corresponding Author: Syeda Khanam, Professor, East Point Institute of Physiotherapy, East Point Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Bengaluru, India.

Received: March 03, 2022; Published: March 21, 2022

Abstract

Plantar fasciitis is one of the most common cause of heel pain it is a Common musculoskeletal foot disorder involving pain and gait problems. It mainly occurs during the middle age of 40 and 60 years in general population with prevalence of 11-15% [3]. The causes of this disease is not clear but the most common theory say that it is due to repetitive micro trauma and chronic inflammation of the plantar fascia inserted on the medial tubercle of the calcaneus.

The major contributing factors related to plantar fasciitis are Obesity, biomechanics of foot disturbances, poor foot wear, work related activity and over exertion.

Overuse activity is the most common cause of injury such as running and jobs with prolong standing this will increases risk of micro trauma of the fascia. The normal presentation of plantar fasciitis includes gradual, insidious onset of inferior-medial heel pain of the insertion of the plantar fascia worse with rising morning or after prolonged weight bearing activities and exacerbated by climbing stairs or doing toes raises.

Keywords: Planter Fasciitis, Obesity; Heel Pain; Weight Bearing Activity; Chronic Inflammation; Gait

References

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  13. Mohamed HA. “Effectiveness of Achilles tendon stretching for the treatment of chronic plantar fasciitis”. The Egyptian Orthopedic Journal (2015).
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  17. Hemlata NK., et al. “Comparison of the Effectiveness of Myofacial Release Technique and Stretching Exercise on Plantar Fasciitis”. Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy Journal2 (2019).
  18. Farooq N., et al. “Effectiveness of transverse friction massage of Flexor digitorum brevis and Calf muscle stretching in plantar fasciitis on foot function index scale: A randomized control trial”. Israel Medical Journal 4 (2019).
  19. Engkananuwat P., et al. “Effectiveness of passive stretching of the Achilles tendon with the continuous passive stretching (CPS) instrument in patients with plantar heel pain”. Chulalongkorn Medical Journal6 (2017).
  20. Sarkar B., et al. “Efficacy of muscle energy technique as compared to myofascial trigger point release in chronic plantar fasciitis: a double blind randomized clinical trial”. International Journal of Health Science Research (2018).
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Citation

Citation: Syeda Khanam., et al. “Effectiveness of Stretching Exercise in the Treatment of Plantar Fasciitis-A Review of Literature".Acta Scientific Orthopaedics 5.4 (2022): 93-100.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Syeda Khanam., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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