The Role of Martial Arts Means for the Therapeutic Recuperation Programs
State University of Physical Education and Sport, Chisinau, Moldova
*Corresponding Author: Polevaia-Secăreanu Angela, State University of Physical Education and Sport, Chisinau, Moldova.
December 22, 2021; Published: March 07, 2022
Background: The contemporary lifestyle evolution is followed by a progressive abandon of physical activities in day by day life, this fact leads to an epidemics of obesity and increase of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular and locomotor diseases.
Methods: The study was established on the basis of an retrospective analysis of the special literature and scientific documents which represent the experimental data made by various medical clinics worldwide on various population.
Results: The conducted retrospective analysis of the musculoskeletal system in school and student age in different countries has shown that during the study period there is a dynamics of increasing detection of disorders of posture, hearing, vision. Also, a number of characteristic disorders of the musculoskeletal system have been identified, where in the first place are various kinds of morphofunctional disorders of the spine, scoliosis of I-II degrees and osteochondrosis in the initial stage and other pathologies.
Furthermore, types of interventions that have been tested in different medical clinics have been analysed, most of them with minimal or no outcome. According to the data on the application of martial arts tools, the therapeutic effect of Pilates, Yoga, Qigong, Wushu and Tai Chi tools has been highlighted. Of all the martial arts systems presented by the authors, Tai Chi reported a particularly multilateral effect.
Conclusion: The present study can lead to the conclusion that the martial arts means and Tai Chi in particular represent an universal method of restorative physical education. Tai Chi gymnastics brings to normal all body vital processes, it is recommended not only for disease prophylaxis but also for the treatment of some cardiovascular system, digestive tract, locomotor apparatus diseases.
Keywords: Tai Chi; Exercise; Treatment; Methods; Locomotor Apparatus; Therapy
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