Acta Scientific Orthopaedics (ISSN: 2581-8635)

Review Article Volume 5 Issue 3

Anatomical Study of Foramen Ovale and Foramen Spinosum in the Norma Basalis with Clinical Correlation

Varalakshmi KL1*, Jyothi Nayak2 and Sangeeta M3

1Professor, Department of Anatomy, MVJ Medical College and Research Hospital, Hoskote, Bangalore, India
2Lecturer, Department of Anatomy, DAPM RV Dental College, Bangalore, India
3Professor and HOD, Department of Anatomy, MVJ Medical College and Research Hospital, Hoskote, Bangalore, India

*Corresponding Author: Varalakshmi KL, Professor, Department of Anatomy, MVJ Medical College and Research Hospital, Hoskote, Bangalore, India.

Received: October 27, 2021; Published: February 18, 2021

Abstract

Background: The greater wing of sphenoid bone in norma basalis shows two important foramina: foramen ovale and foramen spinosum. Anatomical study of foramen ovale is of great diagnostic importance in trigeminal rhizotomy and transfacial fine needle aspiration techniques. Foramen spinosum is an important foramen used for neurosurgical procedures of infratemporal and middle cranial fossa.

Materials and Methods: A total 90 dry adult human skulls obtained from MVJ Medical College and Research Hospital were used for the study. The anteroposterior diameter (length) and mediolateral diameter (transverse) of both foramen ovale and foramen spinosum were measured. The shape of foramen ovale and spinosum were noted and data obtained were analyzed statistically.

Results: The mean length of foramen ovale on right side was 7.07 mm and on the left side was 7.09 mm. The mean breadth on right side was 4.81 mm and on the left side was 5.52 mm. Oval shape was the most predominant type on both sides The mean length of foramen spinosum on right side was 2.66 mm and on the left side was 2.58 mm. The mean breadth on right side was 1.42 mm and on the left side was 1.64 mm. Round shape of foramen spinosum was common on both sides.

Conclusion: The findings of present study will be of great value for neurosurgeons, radiologists and neurologists for planning and management of surgeries of middle cranial fossa and infratemporal fossa.

Keywords: Corona Virus Disease; COVID-19; Hip Fractures; Mortality; Older Adults, Orthopaedic Outcomes

References

  1. Deepa AR and Sandeep GB. “A Morphometric analysis of foramen ovale and foramen spinosum of human sphenoid bone in the South Gujarat population: Vital for Medical Practitioners in cases of Trigeminal Neuralgia”. Journal of Advance Researches in Biological Sciences3 (2012): 243-245.
  2. WJ Hamilton and HW Mossman. “Hamilton, Boyd and Massman’s Human Embryology-prenatal development of form and function”. 4th Edition (1972): 532-538.
  3. Khairnar KK., et al. “Foramen ovale and foramen pinosum: Amorphometric study”. Anatomica Karnataka 6 (2012): 68-72.
  4. Rani P. “Morphological and morphometric study of foramen ovale and foramen spinosum in adult human dry skulls”. Master thesis, Madras Medical College, Chennai.
  5. Patil J., et al. “The foramen ovale morphometry of sphenoid bone in South Indian population”. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research 12 (2013): 2668-2670.
  6. Nayak G and Pradhan S. “Anatomical study of foramen Vesalius”. Journal of Evolution of Medical and Dental Sciences 35 (2018): 3847.
  7. Tewari S., et al. “Morphometric analysis of foramen spinosum in South Indian population”. Acta Medica Iraica02 (2017): 113-118.
  8. Gupta V., et al. “Morphometric ad morphological analysis of foramen spinosum in North Indian human skulls”. International Journal of Scientific Research9 (2019): 8-10.
  9. Raj SM., et al. “Morphometric and topographic study of foramen ovale in Indian skulls”. Malaysian Journal of Medical and Biological Sciences 3 (2016): 75-84.
  10. Gupta N, et al. “Foramen ovale-Morphometry and its surgical importance”. Innovative Journal of Medical and Health Sciences (2013): 4-6.
  11. Somesh MS., et al. “An anatomical study of foramen spinosum in South Indian dry Skulls with emphasis on morphology and morphometry”. International Journal of Anatomy and Research 3 (2015): 1034-1038.
  12. Somesh MS., et al. “A morphometric study of foramen ovale”. Turkish Neurosurgery3 (2011): 378-383.
  13. Wieser HG and Siegel AM. “Analysis of foramen ovale electrode-recorded seizures and correlation with outcome following amygdalohippocampectomy”. Epilepsia 32 (1991): 838-850.
  14. Murugan M and Hussain SS. “Morphometric and morphological study of foramen ovale”. International Journal of Anatomy and Research4 (2014): 664-667.
  15. Jacob M., et al. “Morphometry of foramen ovale and its Clinical significance”. International Journal of Current Research7 (2013): 1963-1964.
  16. Anju L R., et al. “Anatomical variations of foramen spinosum”. Innovative Journal of Medical and Health Science5 (2012): 86-88.
  17. Patel R and Mehta CD. “Morphometry of foramen ovale at base of skull in Gujarat”. IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences6 (2014): 26-30.
  18. Ray B., et al. “Anatomic variations of foramen ovale”. Kathmandu University Medical Journal 3 (2005): 64-68.
  19. Mamatha Y and Thilak NT. “Foramina of alisphenoid - A morphological and morphometric study in adult dry skull of South Indian Population”. Innovative Publication (2015): 273-275.
  20. Krisnamurhty J.
  21. Hussain SS., et al. “Morphological and morphometric study of foramen spinosum”. International Journal of Anatomy and Research4.1 (2017): 4523-4526.
  22.  

Citation

Citation: Varalakshmi KL., et al. “Anatomical Study of Foramen Ovale and Foramen Spinosum in the Norma Basalis with Clinical Correlation". Acta Scientific Orthopaedics 5.3 (2022): 12-20.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Varalakshmi KL., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate33%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days

Indexed In



News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is May 30, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US