Anatomical Study of Foramen Ovale and Foramen Spinosum in the
Norma Basalis with Clinical Correlation
Varalakshmi KL1*, Jyothi Nayak2 and Sangeeta M3
1Professor, Department of Anatomy, MVJ Medical College and Research Hospital, Hoskote, Bangalore, India
2Lecturer, Department of Anatomy, DAPM RV Dental College, Bangalore, India
3Professor and HOD, Department of Anatomy, MVJ Medical College and Research Hospital, Hoskote, Bangalore, India
*Corresponding Author: Varalakshmi KL, Professor, Department of Anatomy, MVJ Medical College and Research Hospital, Hoskote, Bangalore, India.
October 27, 2021; Published: February 18, 2021
Background: The greater wing of sphenoid bone in norma basalis shows two important foramina: foramen ovale and foramen spinosum. Anatomical study of foramen ovale is of great diagnostic importance in trigeminal rhizotomy and transfacial fine needle aspiration techniques. Foramen spinosum is an important foramen used for neurosurgical procedures of infratemporal and middle cranial fossa.
Materials and Methods: A total 90 dry adult human skulls obtained from MVJ Medical College and Research Hospital were used for the study. The anteroposterior diameter (length) and mediolateral diameter (transverse) of both foramen ovale and foramen spinosum were measured. The shape of foramen ovale and spinosum were noted and data obtained were analyzed statistically.
Results: The mean length of foramen ovale on right side was 7.07 mm and on the left side was 7.09 mm. The mean breadth on right side was 4.81 mm and on the left side was 5.52 mm. Oval shape was the most predominant type on both sides The mean length of foramen spinosum on right side was 2.66 mm and on the left side was 2.58 mm. The mean breadth on right side was 1.42 mm and on the left side was 1.64 mm. Round shape of foramen spinosum was common on both sides.
Conclusion: The findings of present study will be of great value for neurosurgeons, radiologists and neurologists for planning and management of surgeries of middle cranial fossa and infratemporal fossa.
Keywords: Corona Virus Disease; COVID-19; Hip Fractures; Mortality; Older Adults, Orthopaedic Outcomes
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