Acta Scientific Orthopaedics (ISSN: 2581-8635)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 12

Endothelial Dysfunction in Women Athletes: Integrative Review of the Literature

Brenda Luz Lima1, Fabiana da Silva Cabral1, Suzanne Soares de Jesus1, Kamila Souza Santana2 and Sidnei Jorge Fonseca Junior3*

1Graduate Student in Physical Education, UNIABEU University Center, Brazil
2Physical Education and Sports School’s, UFRJ - Federal University of the Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
3CAp-UERJ, State University of the Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

*Corresponding Author: Sidnei Jorge Fonseca Junior, Professor, CAp-UERJ, State University of the Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Received: October 04, 2021; Published: November 25, 2021

Abstract

Endothelial dysfunction emerges as another possible component of the triad of female athletes (amenorrhea, osteoporosis and eating disorders). The objective of this study was to analyze in the scientific literature the recent information about endothelial dysfunction in women athletes of different sports modalities. Thus, an integrative literature review was carried out, with a systematic search in the PubMed databases and Virtual Health Library in 2018. Five articles were selected to integrate the discussion on endothelial dysfunction in female athletes. Studies are still very scarce, which makes scientific development with high-performance athletes more relevant and challenging. However, it was possible to observe that endothelial dysfunction should be on the agenda in the current discussions about the athlete's health because it is related to the appearance of dangerous vascular alterations. In this sense, it tends to be considered as another component of the triad of women athletes and there is a need for further studies, because apparently the prevalence of endothelial dysfunction seems to be high in sports modalities that require a low percentage of body fat with the origin of low energy availability and high training load for sports performance.

Keywords: Amenorrhea; Bone Density; Energy Intake; Eating Disorders; Physical Education and Training

References

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Citation

Citation: Sidnei Jorge Fonseca Junior., et al. “Endothelial Dysfunction in Women Athletes: Integrative Review of the Literature".Acta Scientific Orthopaedics 4.12 (2021): 47-52.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2021 Sidnei Jorge Fonseca Junior., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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