Acta Scientific Orthopaedics (ISSN: 2581-8635)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 9

Energy Cost of Water Running in Shallow and Deep Water

Monica Tiberi1, Sabrina Demarie2* and Marcello Faina3

1Azienda Sanitaria Unica Regionale delle Marche Area Vasta 1 Pesaro District, Italy
2Department of Human Movement and Sport Sciences, Università degli Studi di Roma “Foro Italico”, Italy
3CONI Servizi, Institute of Sport Medicine and Science, Rome, Italy

*Corresponding Author: Sabrina Demarie, Department of Human Movement and Sport Sciences, Università degli Studi di Roma “Foro Italico”, Rome, Italy.

Received: August 09, 2021; Published: August 31, 2021


  Water running is distinguished in two different form, shallow water running and suspended deep water running. Shallow water running is defined as running in water at the hip or breast depth with contact with the bottom of the pool while deep water running is intended as running without contact with the floor supported by a flotation device. They have been prescribed by physician and coaches as an alternative to land-based running as a rehabilitative treatment, as well as supplement to land based training regiments. However, higher metabolic responses have been reported for shallow water with respect to deep water running. Aim of the study was to assess individualized relative exercise intensity of water running at different stride frequency for young active female at the same water level (xiphoid level) once with ground contact in shallow water and once suspended in deep water by a buoyancy belt. In the present study running performed in deep and shallow water induced a similar metabolic expenditure at all exercise intensity. In conclusion, to exercise at a mainly aerobic intensity young active females should run in water at a stride frequency of about 50 cpm, which elicits more or less 35% of both HRmax and VO2max. While for a mixed aerobic/anaerobic intensity water running should be performed at ~ 60 cpm, where HR corresponds to 50% of HRmax and VO2 to 41/44% of VO2max.

Keywords: Water Running; Shallow; Deep Water


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Citation: Sabrina Demarie., et al. “Energy Cost of Water Running in Shallow and Deep Water".Acta Scientific Orthopaedics 4.9 (2021): 81-86.


Copyright: © 2021 Sabrina Demarie., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


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