Acta Scientific Orthopaedics (ISSN: 2581-8635)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 9

Profile of the Patient with Fracture of Proximal Femur in a Regional Trauma Service

Edir Soccol Junior1*, Mauro Remulo Grinfelder Brunel Rodrigues2, Laura Maria Voss Spricigo3, Neri Machado Junior4, Fabio Cavali4, Fernando Soccol4, Haiana Cavalheiro4 and Ronan Bertinatto4

1Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Department of Hip and Pelvic Surgery of the Pato Branco Polyclinical Institute, Paraná, Brazil
2Fellowship in Trauma and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology of the Governador Celso Ramos Hospital, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil
3Medicine Student from the University Center of Pato Branco, Pato Branco, Paraná, Brazil
4Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology of the Pato Branco Polyclinical Institute, Paraná, Brazil

*Corresponding Author: Edir Soccol Junior, Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Department of Hip and Pelvic Surgery of the Pato Branco Polyclinical Institute, Paraná, Brazil.

Received: July 24, 2021; Published: August 04, 2021

Abstract

With the increase in the elderly population, there is an increasing concern about health problems in this age group. Studies reveal that the mortality of elderly people with fractures of the proximal femur varies from 14% to 36%, with osteoporosis as the main contributor. The mechanism of fracture of the proximal third of the femur most reported in the literature is falling from their own height, with risk factors being the female gender, presence of chronic diseases, history of falls and environments with inadequate surfaces. In order to describe and analyze the epidemiological profile of the patient diagnosed with a proximal femur fracture, an analysis of medical records was made, at a regional reference service for orthopedic trauma, of patients whose main diagnosis was a fracture of the proximal femur during the period of March 2018 to March 2020. The variables analyzed were sex, age, fracture topography, fracture mechanism, associated comorbidities, level of ambulation (pre and postoperative) and chosen treatment. With a sample of 197 patients, 131 were female and 66 were male, with an average age of 76 years. The most prevalent comorbidity was Systemic Arterial Hypertension. The topography most found was Transtrochanteric Tronzo 3B. In the preoperative phase, most patients were community walkers without assistance, and in the postoperative phase, home walkers with assistance predominated. The most used treatment was the Cephalomedullary Nail. Based on this, the present study made it possible to add knowledge about the epidemiology of proximal femur fracture, informing health professionals about the profile of the patient susceptible to this trauma, enabling the establishment of interventional actions to avoid fracture or minimize its risks.

Keywords: Epidemiology; Femoral Fractures; Hip Fractures

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Citation

Citation: Edir Soccol Junior., et al. “Profile of the Patient with Fracture of Proximal Femur in a Regional Trauma Service".Acta Scientific Orthopaedics 4.9 (2021): 16-22.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2021 Edir Soccol Junior., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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