Phong Truong1*, Long Truong1, Kristina Kuklova2, Natalie Brush3, Luke Vincent3 and Jonathan Schneider1
1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Larkin Community Hospital, South Miami, FL, USA
2American University of Antigua College of Medicine, St. Johns, Antigua and Barbuda
3University of Central Florida College of Medicine, Orlando, FL, USA
*Corresponding Author: Phong Truong, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Larkin Community Hospital, South Miami, FL, USA.
Received: August 24, 2020; Published: September 25, 2020
Purpose: To present a narrative review of the literature related to body mass index of children and adolescents and whether it relates to stability in slipped capital femoral epiphysis.
Method: A review of literature was conducted. Using the MEDLINE database and Google Scholar search engine, publications in the English language were queried in regards to body mass index in children as well as any effects of body mass index on stability of slips in slipped capital femoral epiphysis.
Results: Being overweight or obese is a risk factor for having slipped capital femoral epiphysis in adolescence; however, underweight or normal weight adolescent children have higher risk of unstable slips when compared to their overweight or obese peers. Perhaps bony changes in obese children play a protective role in decreasing risk of unstable slips. Epiphyseal cupping is a process in which the superior aspect of the capital femoral physis extends laterally towards the metaphysis. However, there has been no correlation shown between obesity and increased epiphyseal cupping.
Conclusion: This calls for more research related to possible structural changes in the proximal femur of obese adolescents that may play a role in protecting against unstable slips in slipped capital femoral epiphysis.
Keywords: Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis (SCFE); Body Mass Index; Orthopedic Surgery; Stability; Stable; Unstable
Citation: Phong Truong., et al. “A Narrative Review of Body Mass Index in Pediatrics and its Relationship with Stability of Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis".Acta Scientific Orthopaedics 3.10 (2020): 35-38.
Copyright: © 2020 Phong Truong., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.