Yoseph Merkeb Alamneh1*, Getachew Chane2, Mengistu Ayele2 and Asfaw Gerbi2
1Department of Biomedical Sciences, School of Medicine, Debre Markos University, Debre, Markos, Ethiopia
2Department of Biomedical Sciences, Institute of Health Science, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
*Corresponding Author: Yoseph Merkeb Alamneh, Department of Biomedical Sciences, School of Medicine, Debre Markos University, Debre, Markos, Ethiopia.
Received: July 30, 2020; Published: August 24, 2020
Background: Extremities’ fractures, particularly when left untreated, are a common sequelae of injuries and a major cause of morbidity and mortality; but the burden and distribution of traumatic fractures in low- and middle-income countries is poorly understood. The increasing the prevalence of extremity fracture can be attributed to modernization, industrialization and increased rate of bone fracture in the society. Extremities fracture is the leading cause of functional disability and death in different age groups in both sex. It may result from road traffic accidents, falls, gunshot, machines, attacks as well as sports. The epidemiology of fracture in Ethiopia provides little knowledge about its distribution and associated factors needed for prevention. Thus, this study aimed to investigate extremities fracture and associated factors in Debre Markos referral Hospital.
Methods: Hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted from April to June 2018 at Debre Markos referral hospital, Northern Ethiopia. A total of 422 patients were included in this study. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire by trained data collectors. The collected data were coded, entered into epi data 3.1, and exported to STATA version 14 for statistical analysis. Simple logistic Regression analysis and Multiple logistic regression analyses was employed to identify factors associated with extremity fracture and factors which had a p-value of ≤ 0.25 in Simple Logistic Regression analysis was included in Multiple Logistics Regression analysis. P-values of less than or equal to 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Result: Among the total 422 adult patients who visited the emergency department, 144 (34.12%) patients experienced extremity fractures in Debre Markos Referral Hospital. Ninety-two (63.9%) were males and 52(36.1%) were females and their age range from 26 to 77 years. Residency, sex, age, behavioral factors such as using alcohol and fighting, vehicle type, types of occupation and medical illness were identified as the key risk factors of extremities fracture.
Conclusion and Recommendation: The prevalence of extremities fracture were high at study area and socio-demographic characteristics, behavioral factors and co-morbidities were found to be significantly associated with extremity fracture. Therefore, efforts should be scaled up to develop effective preventive measures and enforced against fractures of extremities.
Keywords: Benign Hypermobility Syndrome; Knee Hypermobility; Marfan’s Syndrome; Ehler Danlos Syndrome; Beighton Score; Brighton Criteria
Citation: Yoseph Merkeb Alamneh., et al. “Extremities Fracture and Associated Factors among Adult Patients in Debre Markos Referral Hospital, East Gojjam Zone, Northern Ethiopia: A Hospital Based Cross-Sectional Study”. Acta Scientific Orthopaedics 3.9 (2020): 18-29.
Copyright: © 2020 Yoseph Merkeb Alamneh., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.