Gurman Kaur1 and Satish Kumar Anumula2*
1BPT Student, Department of Physiotherapy, School of Physiotherapy and
Paramedical Sciences, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, Punjab, India
2Assistant Professor, Department of Physiotherapy, School of Physiotherapy and Paramedical Sciences, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, Punjab, India
*Corresponding Author: Satish Kumar Anumula, Assistant Professor, Department of Physiotherapy, School of Physiotherapy and Paramedical Sciences, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, Punjab, India.
Received: April 17, 2020; Published: July 27, 2020
In patients with dilated cardiomyopathy and end stage heart failure heart transplantation is the definitive treatment strategy. Post-operative pulmonary complications are very common in any solid organ transplant surgery. In maximum of heart transplant surgeries pleural effusion is very common due to which the patient require prolong hospital stay and mechanical ventilation. This case study shows the severe right ventricular dysfunction who was underwent a heart transplant surgery. The past medical history reveals pulmonary embolism, hemicolectomy (cancer) and some risk factors including smoking. During the post-operative recovery period the patient received immunosuppressive treatment with prednisone, cyclosporine, mycophenolate. Their was reduced air entry in both lungs and the respiratory rate was 20 cpm. Physiotherapy goals for the patient is to improve cardiopulmonary function, prevent further cardiopulmonary complication and improve fatigability and cardiopulmonary endurance. The patient physiotherapy treatment for twice a day for minimum of 40 ins per session which included ambulation, limb mobilisation and respiratory exercises. This study concluded that positive airway pressure as a treatment approach was safe, feasible and easy during sub-intensive care setting while treating patients with post-operative pleural effusion.
Keywords: Pleural Effusion; Respiratory Exercises; Ambulation; Cardiomyopathy
Citation: Gurman Kaur and Satish Kumar Anumula. “Post Operative Pleural Effusion and its PT Management- A Case Study".Acta Scientific Orthopaedics 3.8 (2020): 33-36.
Copyright: © 2020 Gurman Kaur and Satish Kumar Anumula. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.