Evgeniya Anastasieva* and IA Kirilova
Novosibirsk Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics n.a. Ya.L. Tsivyan, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
*Corresponding Author: Evgeniya Anastasieva, Ph.D. Candidate, Novosibirsk Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics n.a. Ya.L. Tsivyan, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation.
Received: April 07, 2020; Published: June 04, 2020
The replacement of large bone defects after segmental bone resections in patients with bone tumors is an actual problem in
orthopedics. The main difficulty it causes especially in cases of disturbance of normal biomechanics. Especially when the “gold
standard” of reconstruction with bone autograft is not possible, because of the defect, which can be so extensive that any autograft
stock will be not enough. Therefore, allografts based on demineralized bone with optimal properties for osteoregeneration can
become the necessary alternative for bone replacement. Nowadays composite materials is possible to be programmed to have the
specific properties by changing its compound. After concluding the results of the literature analysis, we revealed that the allograft in
combination with additional components is comparable by its effectiveness with autograft.
As an additional component to improve osteoregeneration mesenchymal stem cells of both bone marrow and adipose tissue can be used. However, it is noteworthy that the analyzed studies did not reveal the influence of stem cells on the tumor recurrence. So, the authors tell about necessity of further researches. Some authors still prefer traditional methods of bone traction despite obtaining own satisfactory results of defects reconstruction with allografts. Such opinion is based on proven effectiveness of the method, structural stability of construction during treatment period and ability to adjust the process of bone regeneration at any stage.
Our goal was to analyze publications over the recent 10 years, which report about results of experiments and clinical studies with performing massive bone reconstruction after bone tumor resection using auto- and allografts, or other technique. Based on the literature analysis we have updated our previous algorithm for graft selection in replacement of large bone defects after segmental bone resections.
Keywords: Bone Tumors; Osteooncology; Orthopedics; Bone Defect; Bone Reconstruction; Bone Resection; Bone Autograft; Bone Allograft
Citation: Evgeniya Anastasieva and IA Kirilova. “Reconstruction of Bone Defects after Tumor Resection Using Present Methods (Mini-Review). Bone Reconstruction Algorithm". Acta Scientific Orthopaedics 3.7 (2020): 02-08.
Copyright: © 2020 Evgeniya Anastasieva and IA Kirilova. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.