Acta Scientific Orthopaedics (ISSN: 2581-8635)

Research Article Volume 3 Issue 5

Effectiveness of 6 Weeks Plyometric Training Protocol on Vertical Jump Ability among High School Amateur Male Volleyball Players-A Randomized Control Trial

Chaitanya D Sahasrabudhe1, Siddhi Tendulkar2* and Sucheta Golhar3

1Intern, Maharashtra University of Health Sciences, Nashik, India
2Assistant Professor of Physiotherapy, Maharashtra University of Health Sciences, Nashik, India
3Professor, Maharashtra University of Health Sciences, Nashik, India

*Corresponding Author: Siddhi Tendulkar, Assistant Professor of Physiotherapy, Maharashtra University of Health Sciences, Nashik, India.

Received: April 07, 20; Published: April 28, 2020

×

Abstract

 Volleyball is one of the most played games in Indian School going population. Vertical jump height is an essential part in volleyball which can be achieved by strengthening the lower leg musculature. Thus the 6 weeks plyometric training protocol is added to see its results on the strength of lower leg musculature among high school amateur male volleyball players. The subjects (n = 40; age = 10 - 16 years; mean = 12 ± 1.00 years) jumping reach Height (mean) = 169.00 ± 1.00 cm) were divided equally into 2 groups called as group A (Experimental) and group B (Control) respectively by simple random sampling method. Group A received the 6 weeks plyometric training protocol and conventional training while group B received only conventional training. Sargent jump test was used to assess the jump heights pre and post at the end of 6 weeks. Unpaired t-test was used to compare the results between the groups. Group A showed significant increase in the difference between the jumping and standing reach heights at the end of 6 weeks (mean difference in the height = 34.25 cm; p-value < 0.05) than in Group B (mean difference in the height = 25.15 cm; p-value < 0.05) at the end of 6 weeks. Also, there is significant improvement in Jumping reach height in Group A (pre = 188.05 cm; post = 203.00 cm) than in Group B (pre = 187.20 cm; post = 195.15 cm). Group A showed 43.65% (mean = 34.25 cm; SD = 7.59) increase while Group B achieved 31.61% (mean = 25.15 cm; SD = 3.73) increase with their initial vertical jump height Both the training protocols are effective in improving vertical jump height but the 6 weeks plyometric training protocol is more effective in improving vertical jump than the conventional training among high school amateur male volleyball players.

Keywords: Volleyball; Plyometric Training; Vertical Jump Height; High School Male Volleyball Players

×

References

  1. Gehri Daniel J., et al. “A Comparison of Plyometric Training Techniques for Improving Vertical Jump Ability and Energy Production”. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research (1998): 85-89.
  2. Bosco Carmelo and Paavo V Komi. “Potentiation of the Mechanical Behavior of the Human Skeletal Muscle through Prestretching”. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica4 (1979): 467-472.
  3. Miller Michael G., et al. “The Effects of a 6-Week Plyometric Training Program on Agility”. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine3 (2006): 459-465.
  4. Bobbert Maarten F. “Drop Jumping as a Training Method for Jumping Ability”. Sports Medicine1 (1990): 7-22.
  5. Dunnam Laura O., et al. “Comprehensive Evaluation of the University of Alabama at Birmingham Women‟s Volleyball Training Program”. National Strength and Conditioning Association Journal1 (1988): 50-52.
  6. Marsit Joseph L and William J Kraemer. “Program Design: Beginning off-Season Workout for High School Volleyball”. National Strength and Conditioning Association Journal (1992).
  7. McGown CM., et al. “Gold Medal Volleyball: The Training Program and Physiological Profile of the 1984 Olympic Champions”. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport2 (1990): 196-200.
  8. Pestolesi TJ. “Selected Training Programs to Improve Vertical Jump in High School Athletes”. Master‟s Thesis TJ State University, Long Beach, California (1989).
  9. Wodarska M., et al. “Menstrual Cycle Disorders in Female Volleyball Players”. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology : The Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology5 (2013): 484-488.
  10. Hewett Timothy E., et al. “Plyometric Training in Female Athletes”. The American Journal of Sports Medicine6 (1996): 765-773.
  11. Markovic Goran., et al. “Reliability and Factorial Validity of Squat and Countermovement Jump Tests”. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research3 (2004): 551-555.
  12. Holcomb William., et al. “The Effectiveness of a Modified Plyometric Program on Power and the Vertical Jump”. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research2 (1996): 89-92.
  13. Potteiger Jeffrey A., et al. “Muscle Power and Fiber Characteristics Following 8 Weeks of Plyometric Training”. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research (1999).
  14. Hedrick Allen and Jason C Anderson. “The Vertical Jump: A Review of the Literature and a Team Case Study”. Strength and Conditioning Journal 18 (1996): 7-12.
  15. Gollnick PD., et al. “Muscular Enlargement and Number of Fibers in Skeletal Muscles of Rats”. Journal of Applied Physiology Respiratory Environmental and Exercise Physiology (1981).
  16. Thorstensson Alf., et al. “Effect of Strength Training on Enzyme Activities and Fibre Characteristics in Human Skeletal Muscle”. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica3 (1976): 392-398.
  17. Komi Paavo V. “Physiological and Biomechanical Correlates of Muscle Function: Effects of Muscle Structure and Stretch–shortening Cycle on Force and Speed”. Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews (1984): 81-121.
  18. Lyttle Andrew D., et al. “Enhancing Performance: Maximal Power Versus Combined Weights and Plyometrics Training”. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research (1996).
×

Citation

Citation: Siddhi Tendulkar., et al. “Effectiveness of 6 Weeks Plyometric Training Protocol on Vertical Jump Ability among High School Amateur Male Volleyball Players-A Randomized Control Trial". Acta Scientific Orthopaedics 3.5 (2020): 39-45.




Metrics

Acceptance rate33%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days

Indexed In



News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is May 30, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US