Acta Scientific Orthopaedics (ISSN: 2581-8635)

Review Article Volume 3 Issue 4

Role of Low Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) on Myofascial Trigger Point in and around Neck – A Review

Dheeraj Lamba*

Associate Professor, Faculty of Physiotherapy, Institute of Health, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author: Dr. Dheeraj Lamba, Associate Professor, Faculty of Physiotherapy, Institute of Health, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia.

Received: March 03, 2020; Published: March 12, 2020



  Myofascial trigger point (MTP) is a characteristic of myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) which is the most common muscle pain disorder. MPS is pain arising from one or more trigger points (TP) which are hyperirritable spots in skeletal muscle that are associated with hypersensitive palpable nodule in taut bands. There are lots of perpetuating factors for MTPs which can be divided under many heads like poor posture, muscle injury, nutritional inadequacies, metabolic or endocrine disorders, psychological factors, chronic injury, impaired sleep radiculopathy allergies and chronic visceral diseases. The major goal of any therapy is to relieve pain and increase functional ability. Currently used therapy includes various methods out of which low level laser therapy (LLLT) is one of the most common. LLLT can produce pain relief by one or a combination of these mechanisms – collagen proliferation, anti-inflammatory effect, circulation enhancement, and peripheral nerve stimulation. There has been a contrary evidence for the significant role of LLLT in musculoskeletal disorders, therefore it is up to the physical therapist to use LLLT in the clinical setup under available evidence based protocols for the treatment of musculoskeletal disorders particularly myofascial trigger points in and around neck.

Keywords: Myofascial Trigger Point (MTP); Myofascial Pain Syndrome (MPS), Low Level Laser Therapy (LLLT); Non-steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAID); Gallium Aluminum Arsenide (Ga-As-Al); Helium Neon (He-Ne)



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Citation: Dheeraj Lamba. “Role of Low Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) on Myofascial Trigger Point in and around Neck – A Review". Acta Scientific Orthopaedics 3.4 (2020): 24-28.


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