Dr Vaishali Venkatachalam1*, Dr Alagappan Meyappan2, Dr Rajesh Pandiarajan3, Dr Kayalvizhi Mohan4 and Dr Harushi Anbukarasu5
1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Chettinad Dental College and Research Institute, India
2Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Chettinad Dental College and Research Institute, India
3Professor and Head, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Chettinad Dental College and Research Institute, India 4,5Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Chettinad Dental College and Research Institute, India
*Corresponding Author: Dr Vaishali Venkatachalam, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Chettinad Dental College and Research Institute, India.
Received: March 17, 2023; Published: April 24, 2023
Aim: To assess and associate the prevalence of concussion with traumatic cranio-maxillo-facial injuries.
Settings: Maxillofacial trauma is proven to be associated with varying degrees of traumatic head injuries of which concussion is the most common and deceiving. It is imperative to rule out the prevalence of concussion post-trauma since it often bears a risk of progressive brain injury if left neglected.
Methods: A retrospective analysis of 3350 patients reporting to the emergency department of a tertiary care centre in Tamil Nadu during March 2017- March 2020 was done. A detailed review of the patients sustaining traumatic cranio-maxillo-facial injuries was done in relation to the demography, trauma, injury sustained, primary and secondary survey, neurological records related to diagnosis of concussion were studied, recorded, and subjected to statistical analysis.
Results: 888 of them sustained cranio-maxillo-facial injuries. 21.9% of them sustained concussion. Of the 194 patients with concussion, 134 had no facial fractures and 60 of them sustained facial fractures. Significant correlation between the concussion and traumatic cranio-maxillofacial injuries was observed. Interestingly, correlation between concussion and soft tissue injuries was highly significant with p = 0.001. However there was no significant correlation evident between the type of maxillofacial fracture and the concussion.
Conclusion: Scrupulous examination with detailed history should be done by the surgeon to rule out concussion in every patient sustaining cranio-maxillo-facial traumatic injury to prevent unlikely complications in the future. Also, adequate follow up should be ensured.
Keywords: Concussion; Mild Head Injury; Maxillofacial Trauma; Facial Fractures
Citation: Dr Vaishali Venkatachalam., et al. “Concussion and Maxillofacial Traumatic Injuries - A Retrospective Analysisdvv".Acta Scientific Otolaryngology 5.5 (2023): 34-38.
Copyright: © 2023 Dr Vaishali Venkatachalam., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.