Amit Byatnal1*, DNSV Ramesh2, Divya Nair3, Iram Rukhsar4, Pragati Kempwade5 and Swetha Kattimani5
1Professor and Head Department of Dentistry, Zydus Medical College and Hospital, Gujarat, India
2Professor and Head, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, AME’s Dental College and Hospital, Raichur, Karnataka, India
3Senior Lecturer, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Indira Gandhi Institute of Dental sciences, Kothamangalam, Kerala, India
4Oral and Maxillofacial Consultant, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Private Clinic, Karnataka, India
5Senior Lecturer, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, AME’s Dental College and Hospital, Raichur, Karnataka, India
*Corresponding Author: Amit Byatnal, Professor and Head Department of Dentistry, Zydus Medical College and Hospital, Gujarat, India.
Received: December 31, 2022; Published: February 21, 2023
Background: Oral Submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is a chronic progressive disease causing macro and micro damage of oral structures and occasionally involve the pharynx leading to blanching, ulcerations and fibrosis of the oral mucosa. Patients with a severe form of this disease will have severely restricted mouth opening. Intubation remains a challenge when mouth opening is compromised. The Oral radiologist could give vital information of airway assessment to the anaesthetist and the operating surgeon treating these patients.
Aims: To assess the dimensions of the oropharynx in patients with Oral Submucous fibrosis as compared to disease free patients using Cephalometric data.
Settings and Design: This is a cross sectional analytical study using the collected lateral cephalograms of OSMF and normal individuals.
Methods and Materials: Lateral cephalogram of 90 OSMF patients and 90 disease free individuals were taken. The upper and Lower Pharyngeal Airway space evaluation was done using McNamara’s airway analysis.
Statistical Analysis Used: Data was analysed using the Student’s paired t test and Chi square test with P < 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant.
Results: Statistically significant narrow upper and lower pharyngeal width in OSMF patients when compared to normal patient and marginal reduction in lower pharyngeal space in females with OSMF.
Conclusion: The data provides preliminary details of significant reduction in upper and lower airway space in individuals with oral submucous fibrosis
Keywords: Oral Submucous Fibrosis; Oropharynx; Cephalometry
Citation: Amit Byatnal., et al. “Cephalometric Evaluation of Pharyngeal Airway in Oral Submucous Fibrosis - A Preliminary Study".Acta Scientific Otolaryngology 5.3 (2023): 46-50.
Copyright: © 2022 Amit Byatnal., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.