Neeti Bhat1, Alina Karna2, Sanyukta Gurung3, Yojana Shakya4, Nisha Dhungana4, Mudit Gupta5*, Namra Kumar Mahato6 and Satish Kumar Deo7
1MD Clinical Physiology, Lecturer, Department of Clinical Physiology, Madan Bhandari Academy of Health Sciences, India
2MD Pathology, Lecturer, Department of Pathology, Madan Bhandari Academy of Health Sciences and Hetauda Hospital is in Nepal
3MBBS, Resident, Department of Clinical Physiology, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Institute of Medicine, India
4MD Psychiatry, Consultant Psychiatrist, Hetauda Hospital, India
5MS ENT, Senior Resident, Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Shri Guru Ram Rai Institute of Medical Health Sciences, MS ENT - Head and Neck Surgery, India
6MPH, Lecturer, Department of Public Health, Madan Bhandari Academy of Health Sciences, India
7MD Clinical Pharmacology, Professor, Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Madan Bhandari Academy of Health Sciences, India
*Corresponding Author: Mudit Gupta, MS ENT, Senior Resident, Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Shri Guru Ram Rai Institute of Medical Health Sciences, MS ENT - Head and Neck Surgery, India.
Received: April 13, 2022; Published: April 28, 2022
Introduction: Thyroid diseases are a widespread health problem in Nepal, as it is in the rest of the world. There is, however, a scarcity of information on the prevalence of thyroid disorders in Nepalese people. The objective of the study is to find the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in clinically suspicious patients visiting hospital of Madan Bhandari Academy of Health Sciences
Methods: At a provincial hospital in Central Nepal, a retrospective, hospital-based, observational study was done. Thyroid profile data, including Triiodothyronine (T3), Thyroxin (T4), and Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) levels, were obtained between July 2017 and December 2019 from the Laboratory of Madan Bhandari Academy of Health Sciences - Hetauda Hospital, Department of Lab Medicine. The data were retrieved then descriptive analysis was done using SPSS 16.
Results: Our study involved 4182 patients, 743 of whom were male and 3449 of them were female. Thyroid function tests were most typically investigated in females between the ages of 18 and 35. Subjects having thyroid dysfunction in our study population was 16.66%. Females (16.75%) had a higher rate of thyroid dysfunction than males (16.01%%). The most frequent thyroid disease (14.10%) was subclinical hypothyroidism. A positive association was observed between age and TSH levels (r = 0.02) which was not significant (p = 0.06).
Conclusion: The most common thyroid disease among the research participants was subclinical hypothyroidism. Females between the ages of 18 and 35 are more susceptible to thyroid disorders.
Keywords: Hyperthyroidism; Hypothyroidism; Prevalence; Thyroid Disorder
Citation: Mudit Gupta., et al. “Prevalence of Thyroid Disorders in Clinically Suspicious Patients".Acta Scientific Otolaryngology 4.5 (2022): 52-56.
Copyright: © 2022 Mudit Gupta., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.